# GMAT Verbal Section: Critical Reasoning

This chapter is from the book

## Answers to Exam Prep Questions

1. The best answer is B. Offering on-site cafeterias might not produce significantly lowered absentee rates if employees who are frequently absent do not eat in on-site cafeterias. Answer choices A and E indicate that offering on-site cafeterias would have undesirable consequences, and answer choice D suggests that on-site cafeterias would fail to produce an added benefit, but none of these choices has any bearing on absenteeism. Answer choice C is irrelevant because it deals with eating meals at home.
2. The best answer is A. If alcohol advertising were the only factor affecting whether teenagers started or continued to drink, there would be a difference between the number of teenagers who drink in Finland and the number of teenagers who drink in other countries. Because there is no difference, alcohol advertising cannot be the only factor affecting the prevalence of drinking among teenagers. The remaining answer choices make some claim about the effects of alcohol advertising or the banning of such advertising, but no information about the effects of banning alcohol advertising, if any, is presented in the passage.
3. The best answer is C. Based on information given, the heavy equipment division made 45% of the profits on 25% of the dollar sales (), and the consumer products division made 55% of the profits on 75% of the dollar sales (). Thus, the consumer products division made a lower profit per dollar of sales. There is no information provided about total sales or competition, so answer choices A and B are incorrect. Likewise, neither the product mix nor the breakdown between highly profitable versus not highly profitable products is given, so answer choices D and E are incorrect.
4. The best answer is A. In order for the proposed curriculum change to attract students to chemistry classes, producing and testing foam insulation must be directly relevant to the real world. Answer choice A provides the best evidence for this. The remaining answer choices do not indicate why the new curriculum would be attractive to students.
5. The best answer is B. Trustworthy Trucking’s decision would be most logically sound if the cause of the crashes was something other than deficiencies in the trucks, particularly if there is evidence that the trucks provided protection against injuries. The remaining answer choices either suggest that Trustworthy Trucking’s decision was illogical or they do not provide a reason for Trustworthy Trucking’s decision.
6. The best answer is B. The paragraph calls for an explanation for why allowing students with poor test scores to attend Ivy League colleges would be a bad idea. Answer choice B, which suggests that enrollment in Ivy League colleges depends on those colleges remaining special, provides such an explanation. Admitting students with poor test scores would likely lead to a reduction in the prestige associated with Ivy League colleges. The remaining answer choices are not supported by the context of, or the assumptions made in, the paragraph.
7. The best answer is E. The fact that Manufacturer R makes products that are more hazardous to produce might account for its higher incidence of job-related accidents. Therefore, this statement would support, or strengthen, the conclusion reached in the question. Health care benefits, paying for job-related medical claims, and accurate recordkeeping are irrelevant to a discussion of job-related accidents in this context, so answer choices A, B, and D are incorrect. If Manufacturer R held more safety inspections, the conclusion might actually be weakened, so answer choice C is incorrect.
8. The best answer is B. The information used to support the conclusion comes from the manufacturers own records. Because, however, answer choice B indicates that, as compared with Manufacturer R, Manufacturer S overstates the number of job-related accidents, answer choice B weakens the conclusion drawn. Answer choice A is a consequence that might be expected from the information given; it does not weaken the conclusion, so answer choice A is incorrect. Answer choice C contains irrelevant information, and answer choices D and E support the conclusion drawn.
9. The best answer is D. The bionic prosthetic limb industry’s argument is best supported by an explanation of why the patent period sufficient for other industries is not sufficient for the prosthetic limb industry. Answer choice D indicates that clinical testing currently takes up half of the protection period and supports the argument for extending the protection period. None of the other answer choices offer a justifiable reason for extending the protection period.
10. The best answer is E. Because the safest seats were the lightest seats last year, buying them could actually be part of a strategy to minimize fuel costs, rather than an indication that bus companies are assigning a higher priority to safety. Answer choice A simply confirms that safety measures have improved. Answer choice B does not weaken the argument regarding a shift in priorities. Answer choices C and D do not effectively address the current seat-safety issue, so those choices are incorrect.

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