Home > Articles > Cisco > CCNP Security

This chapter is from the book

Foundation and Supplemental Topics

CiscoWorks Management Center for Firewalls Overview

The CiscoWorks Management Center for Firewalls (Firewall MC) enables you to manage the configuration of multiple PIX Firewall devices deployed throughout your network. Firewall MC is a Web-based application that provides centralized management for devices on your network and accelerates the deployment of firewalls to protect your network. Some features of Firewall MC are as follows:

  • Web-based interface for configuring and managing multiple firewalls

  • Configuration hierarchy and user interface to facilitate configuration of firewall settings

  • Support for PIX Firewall Version 6.0 and later

  • Ability to import configurations from existing firewalls

  • Ability to support dynamically addressed PIX Firewalls

  • Support for up to 1000 PIX Firewalls

  • Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) protocol support for client communications to CiscoWorks

  • Support for Workflow and audit trails

To obtain maximum functionality from Firewall MC, you need to understand the following items:

  • Key concepts

  • Supported devices

  • Installation

Key Concepts

To use Firewall MC effectively to manage and configure the PIX Firewalls on your network, you need to understand certain key concepts. These concepts fall into the following three categories:

  • Configuration hierarchy

  • Configuration elements

  • Workflow process

Configuration Hierarchy

All devices managed by Firewall MC are grouped in a hierarchical structure beneath a global group. By placing managed devices in different groups and subgroups, you can simplify your configuration and management tasks because each group can include devices with similar attributes, such as similar access rules and configuration settings.

Each device managed by Firewall MC can be a member of only one specific group. A group is composed of one or more of the following items:

  • Subgroups

  • Devices

Devices inherit properties either from a specific group or individually from a specific device. Inheritance of properties allows your configuration changes to apply to multiple managed devices using less administrative effort.

Configuration Elements

Through Firewall MC, you can configure various characteristics of the managed firewalls deployed throughout your network. These characteristics fall into the following four major categories:

  • Device settings

  • Access rules

  • Translation rules

  • Building blocks

Device settings control specific configuration parameters on your PIX Firewalls, such as interface and routing properties. Access rules regulate network traffic and fall into the two categories shown in Table 14-2. Translation rules define the address translations that your firewalls will perform on network traffic. Building blocks associate names with specific objects, such as subnets, that you can then use when defining rules. All of the configuration elements are explained in detail later in this chapter.

Table 14.2 Access Rule Types

Access Rule Type



Rules that apply to an enclosed group and that are ordered down to the devices in the group. These rules cannot be overwritten.


Rules that apply to all of the devices in a group. These rules can be overwritten.

Workflow Process

The workflow process divides configuration changes made using Firewall MC into the following three steps:

  1. Define configuration.

  2. Implement configuration (approve).

  3. Deploy configuration.

A collection of configuration changes made for a specific purpose is called an activity. After you submit an activity to be deployed, it is converted into a set of configuration files known as a job. Finally, the job is scheduled for deployment on the network. A different person can approve each of these steps. Activities and job management are explained in detail later in the chapter.

Supported Devices

Firewall MC Version 1.2.1 supports PIX Firewall Versions 6.0, 6.1, 6.2, and 6.3.x along with the Firewall Service Module (FWSM) Version 1.1.x.


Not all PIX command-line interface (CLI) commands are configurable by using Firewall MC. For a complete list of Firewall MC[en]supported commands and devices refer to http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/sw/cscowork/ps3992/

The following PIX hardware models are supported by Firewall MC Version 1.2.1:

  • PIX 501

  • PIX 506/506E

  • PIX 515/515E

  • PIX 525

  • PIX 535

  • FWSM


Firewall MC requires CiscoWorks Common Services to run. Therefore, before you can install Firewall MC, you must install CiscoWorks Common Services (Version 2.2). Common Services provides services for the following:

  • Interacting with the CiscoWorks desktop

  • Setting up the CiscoWorks server

  • Administering the CiscoWorks server

  • Adding external connections to the CiscoWorks server

  • Database administration for Firewall MC applications

  • System administration

  • Logging

  • Diagnosing problems with the CiscoWorks server

For CiscoWorks to operate efficiently, your CiscoWorks server and client computers must meet certain hardware requirements.

Server Requirements

When installing Firewall MC, you need to understand the hardware and software requirements for the different components. To support all of the functionality provided by Firewall MC and the underlying CiscoWorks foundation, your CiscoWorks server must meet the following minimum requirements:

  • IBM PC-compatible computer

  • 1-gigahertz (GHz) or faster processor

  • Color monitor with video card capable of viewing 256 colors

  • CD-ROM drive

  • 10Base-T or faster network connection

  • Minimum of 1 gigabyte (GB) of random-access memory (RAM)

  • 2 GB of virtual memory

  • Minimum of 9 GB of free hard drive space (NTFS)

  • Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) Driver Manager 3.510 or later

  • Windows 2000 Professional and Windows 2000 Server (with Service Pack 3 or 4)


Requirements for the CiscoWorks server are frequently updated. For the latest server requirements, refer to the documentation on the Cisco website.

Client Requirements

Although the Firewall MC runs on a server, access to Firewall MC is by a browser running on a client system. Client systems also must meet certain minimum requirements to ensure successful system operation. Your client systems should meet the following minimum requirements:

  • IBM PC-compatible

  • 300-megahertz (MHz) or faster processor

  • Minimum 256 MB of RAM

  • 400 MB of virtual memory (free space on hard drive)

Along with these requirements, your clients must be running one of the following operating systems:

  • Windows 2000 Professional or Server (with Service Pack 3 or later)

  • Windows XP Professional (with Service Pack 1) with Microsoft Virtual Machine

  • Windows 98

One final requirement is that your client systems must use one of the following web browsers:

  • Internet Explorer 6.0 (Service Pack 1) with Microsoft Virtual Machine

  • Netscape Navigator 4.78

  • Java Virtual Machine (JVM) version 5.1


Requirements for the CiscoWorks clients are frequently updated. For the latest client requirements, refer to the documentation on the Cisco website.

PIX Bootstrap Commands

When you initially configure your PIX Firewall, you run the setup command to configure many of the basic components of the operational configuration. The setup command prompts you for the following items:

  • Enable password

  • Clock Universal Time Coordinate (UTC)

  • Date

  • Time

  • Inside Internet Protocol (IP) address

  • Inside network mask

  • Host name

  • Domain name

  • IP address of host running PDM

Besides this information, you must also configure the firewall to allow modification from a browser connection and specify which hosts or network is allowed to initiate these Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) connections. Complete the following steps to enable the Firewall MC server to update the configuration on your firewall:

  1. Enable the firewall configuration to be modified from a browser by using the following command:

  2. http server enable
  3. Specify the host or network authorized to initiate HTTP connections to the firewall by using the following command:

  4. http ip-address [netmask] [interface-name]
  5. Store the current configuration in Flash memory using the following command:

  6. write memory

Pearson IT Certification Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from Pearson IT Certification and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about Pearson IT Certification products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information

To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.


Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites; develop new products and services; conduct educational research; and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.


If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email information@informit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information

Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by Adobe Press. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.pearsonitcertification.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information

Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents

California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure

Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact

Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice

We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020