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Processor Overview

At the heart of every computer is a special motherboard chip called the processor, which determines, to a great extent, the power of the computer. The processor is also called the central processing unit (CPU) or microprocessor. The processor executes instructions, performs calculations, and coordinates input/output operations. Each motherboard has electronic chips that work with the CPU and are designed to exact specifications. Whether these other electronic components can keep up with the processor depends on the individual component’s specifications. The major processor manufacturers today are Intel, Motorola, VIA, Samsung, NVIDIA, Apple Inc., Qualcomm, and AMD (Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.). Intel and AMD are the predominant manufacturers for desktop and laptop processors, and the other manufacturers target the mobile/smartphone markets. Figure 3.2 shows a processor.

Figure 3.2

Figure 3.2 Intel processor

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