- Key Terms
- Introduction (220.127.116.11)
- Dynamic Routing Protocols (3.1)
- Dynamic versus Static Routing (3.1.2)
- Routing Protocol Operating Fundamentals (3.1.3)
- Types of Routing Protocols (3.1.4)
- Distance Vector Dynamic Routing (3.2)
- Types of Distance Vector Routing Protocols (3.2.2)
- RIP and RIPng Routing (3.3)
- Link-State Dynamic Routing (3.4)
- The Routing Table (3.5)
- Summary (3.6)
- Check Your Understanding Questions
Check Your Understanding Questions
Complete all the review questions listed here to test your understanding of the topics and concepts in this chapter. The appendix, “Answers to the ‘Check Your Understanding’ Questions,” lists the answers.
What are two advantages of static routing over dynamic routing? (Choose two.)
- The configuration is less error prone.
- Static routing is more secure because routers do not advertise routes.
- Growing the network usually does not present a problem.
- No computing overhead is involved.
- The administrator has less work maintaining the configuration.
Match the description to the proper routing protocol.
- Path vector exterior routing protocol:
- Cisco advanced interior routing protocol:
- Link-state interior routing protocol:
- Distance vector interior routing protocol:
- Cisco distance vector interior routing protocol:
Which statement best describes convergence on a network?
- The amount of time required for routers to share administrative configuration changes, such as password changes, from one end of a network to the other end
- The time required for the routers in the network to update their routing tables after a topology change has occurred
- The time required for the routers in one autonomous system to learn routes to destinations in another autonomous system
- The time required for routers running disparate routing protocols to update their routing tables
Dynamic routing protocols perform which two tasks? (Choose two.)
- Assign IP addressing
- Discover hosts
- Network discovery
- Propagate host default routes
- Update and maintain routing tables
Which of the following parameters are used to calculate metrics? (Choose two.)
- Hop count
- Convergence time
- Administrative distance
Which routing protocol has the most trustworthy administrative distance by default?
- EIGRP internal routes
Which command will show the administrative distance of routes?
- show interfaces
- show ip route
- show ip interfaces
- debug ip routing
When do directly connected networks appear in the routing table?
- When they are included in a static route
- When they are used as an exit interface
- As soon as they are addressed and operational at Layer 2
- As soon as they are addressed and operational at Layer 3
- Always when a no shutdown command is issued
Router R1 is using the RIPv2 routing protocol and has discovered multiple unequal paths to reach a destination network. How will Router R1 determine which path is the best path to the destination network?
- Lowest metric
- Highest metric
- Lowest administrative distance
- Highest administrative distance
- By load-balancing between up to four paths
Which of the following will trigger the sending of a link-state packet by OSPF? (Choose two.)
- A change in the topology
- A link to a neighbor router has become congested
- The initial startup of the routing protocol process
- The router update timer expiring
After examining its routing table for a best match with the destination address, which route will a router use to forward an IPv4 packet?
- A level 1 child route
- A level 1 parent route
- A level 1 ultimate route
- A level 2 supernet route
- A level 2 parent route
What is different between IPv6 routing table entries and IPv4 routing table entries?
- By design IPv6 is classless, so all routes are effectively level 1 ultimate routes.
- Unlike IPv4, IPv6 does not use static routes to populate the routing table.
- IPv6 routing tables include local route entries, which IPv4 routing tables do not.
- The selection of IPv6 routes is based on the shortest matching prefix, unlike IPv4 route selection, which is based on the longest matching prefix.
Enter the proper administrative distance for each routing protocol.
- EIGRP (Internal):
- EIGRP (External):
Designate the following characteristics as belonging to either a classful routing protocol or a classless routing protocol.
- Does not support discontiguous networks:
- EIGRP, OSPF, and BGP:
- Sends subnet mask information in routing updates:
- Supports discontiguous networks:
- RIP version 1 and IGRP:
- Does not send subnet mask in its routing updates:
- Allows for use of both 172.16.1.0/26 and 172.16.1.128/27 subnets in the same topology:
- Explain why static routing might be preferred over dynamic routing.
- What are four ways of classifying dynamic routing protocols?
- What are the most common metrics used in IP dynamic routing protocols?
- What is administrative distance, and why is it important?
- What is the purpose of a passive interface?