Home > Articles > Microsoft

What You Need to Know About IPv6 in Order to Pass a Microsoft Exam, Part 2

  • Print
  • + Share This
IPv6 has been appearing in Microsoft operating systems since Windows 2000 and is quickly becoming a prevalent part of networking exams. It’s important to become familiar with the key elements and what new features it brings with it in the Microsoft infrastructure course. In this second part of the series, Dave Leaver will discuss more of the key facts you should know about IPv6 for your Microsoft exams.
Like this article? We recommend

In Part One of this article, we covered the specific technical elements of IPv6, such as how an IPv6 address looks, how it can be abbreviated, how it communicates and how it is different from IPv4. This is the important—although not always the most fun to learn—information that you need at the foundation of your Microsoft studies for IPv6. In part two we are going to cover the specific IPv6 influences within a Microsoft environment.

Throughout the networking series, IPv6 appears, from the client exams through to the most advanced Microsoft infrastructure accreditations. It is important to not only understand how IPv6 works, as we discussed in the previous article, but also how you configure and deploy IPv6 on a live network. As time goes on and IPv4 addresses begin to disappear, Microsoft will only continue to step up the need for IPv6 knowledge within their exam topics, so it’s better to come to grips with it now and stay ahead of the game.

Networking in general

When Windows Vista first became available, one of the first changes users noticed was the introduction of IPv6 into the properties of a network card. Although support for IPv6 had been around since Windows 2000, this was the first time you could actually configure it on a PC or server. Within the Microsoft client exams IPv6 is now covered as a key topic as early as the MCTS exams. Although at this level the required IPv6 knowledge is fairly limited, it is important to know where the IPv6 TCP/IP properties is and how its configured.

The first thing to notice when you open the IPv6 properties is that it is fairly similar to the IPv4 layout. You can select to obtain an IPv6 address by DHCP (more on that later), and you have the same number of boxes to fill in too. However, what goes in the boxes is very different; first, you enter your IPv6 address which can be abbreviated according to the notation rules (outlined in part one). Second, instead of the subnet mask entry, you enter the prefix length; this is always 64 bits, and the default gateway still means the IP of your router. The DNS entries would also be based the same as on an IPv4 client and so if you were on a Windows domain this would be the IPv6 address of your DNS server(s).

A new DHCP

When it comes to DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol), the changes are much more noticeable, to the point where a new version of DHCP has been created—DHCPv6. Although the concept is the same, DHCPv6 is no longer based on the older BOOTP version used in IPv4. The ports used in DHCPv6 are different from the existing 168/169, but they are still UDP. It is important that for your Microsoft-based infrastructure exams you understand how the two versions are different. If you are familiar with the original DHCPv4 console then make sure you become just as familiar with the DHCPv6 console as well.

With DHCPv6 there are two methods of configuration, stateless and stateful, as explained below:

  • Stateless—This is where the DHCP clients have been configured with a DHCP address already, either manually or from another DHCP such as a router. They inform the DHCP server that they are configured and don’t need an address. The client communicates this to the server using a DHCPINFORM message.
  • Stateful—The stateful method is more similar to the traditional DHCP in that it assigns IPv6 addresses to clients who are set to auto configuration and request an IP address. The DORA process used in IPv4 (Discover, Offer, Reply, Acknowledge) has changed, however, and now follows the slightly less catchy name of SARR (Solicit, Advertise, Request, Reply). This is the same process; it’s just another way for Microsoft to confuse us and make us remember something extra for their exams!

This is really the most you will need to know about DHCPv6 for the current Windows server 2008 examination track. However, as time goes on and DHCPv6 develops further, Microsoft will expect you to know more.

DNS Server

As mentioned earlier, support for IPv6 existed long ago in Windows Server 2000, where the DNS service first allowed for the processing of IPv6 requests. However, it is only since Windows server 2008 that the more configurable options are available. The DNS console is one particular area where new and odd looking records have appeared alongside the traditional ones. However, their purpose is the same, and for the exam, you should familiarize yourself with these changes so you know what they are and what their purpose is.

The most noticeable addition is the AAAA record (also called quad A, as an IPv6 address is four times larger than a traditional A record); this performs the same function as the A record in resolving the hostname to the IP address. The PTR records are also still used; however, the PTR INT record is being phased out in favor of the PTR ARPA addresses as there is an issue with the INT address, which in short increases the workload when performing IPv6 DNS devolution. The main point to note for the exam is the records themselves and what they do.

As you navigate through the DNS server properties, you can see where the IPv6 additions come in, such as the listening interface IP.

Security and IPSEC

In the same vein as DHCP there is a new version of IPSEC to handle the IPv6 traffic, this is originally entitled IPSEC6. Although this is only really configurable at the command line using the IPSEC6 command line tool (more mentioned later), this allows IPv6 clients to create security associations securely. One of the main features of IPv6 is the fact that NAT-ting is going to become a thing of the past and that segregation of private and public WAN’s will become much more blurred. Although the security of IPv6 isn’t a big topic at the moment, it is good to consider the security requirements of IPv6 and what is needed to ensure you can still transmit data safely over a Microsoft network.

Command line tools

You are probably getting the idea now that when it comes to the actual configuration and management of IPv6, there isn’t a massive difference in the tools used. The same applies to the command line utilities that you can use as well:

  • Netsh—more specifically the show interface IPv6 switch, which allows you to configure the IPv6 interface. This is a powerful tool, and it is unlikely that you will come across the need to use it in an exam simulation. However, knowing that it can be used the same as the IPv4 version is helpful for troubleshooting purposes.
  • IPconfig /displaydns—This is a useful tool and another familiar friend of the IPv4 family; it supplies the same way in IPv6, and it allows you to view the IPv6 records that have registered on the PC.
  • IPSEC6—More specifically, the sa command, which allows you to view the security associations and the sp for security policies that are active on that specific interface. If you are questioned on the use of IPSEC on IPv6, just make sure that you know a separate version is used to establish secure IPv6 to IPv6 connections.

As IPv6 is a networking protocol, there aren’t many areas within a Windows infrastructure that it doesn’t affect. At the moment, the issues that are caused in mixed IPv4 and IPv6 environments are not common Microsoft questions, but they are very likely to become so as time goes on. This means that all network-based infrastructure server tools will be affected as the transition takes place. It would be a good idea for your studies to implement a lab environment, convert it IPv6, and get some hands on practice of running it alongside IPv4 and using the Windows infrastructure tools that manage it.

As IPv6 begins to more of a reality in day-to-day networking, it will increase in its appearance within Microsoft examinations; thus, it is worth knowing. The configuration elements of IPv6 are quite straightforward, especially if you get hands-on practice in a live or lab environment. However, there may be many more questions to answer on the issues Microsoft infrastructure roles have with IPv6, such as clustering with Windows server 2008 R2 and that fact that Threat Management Gateway (TMG) 2010 doesn’t process IPv6 traffic at all.

When approaching IPv6 in your Microsoft exams, always keep it in the back of your mind and don’t just see it as a big string of numbers that you can worry about later. Start learning about the differences between IPv4 and IPv6 and how, within a Microsoft infrastructure, it is configured now so that that as the technology develops you can too.

  • + Share This
  • 🔖 Save To Your Account

Pearson IT Certification Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from Pearson IT Certification and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about Pearson IT Certification products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information

To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.


Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites; develop new products and services; conduct educational research; and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.


If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email information@informit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information

Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by Adobe Press. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.pearsonitcertification.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information

Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents

California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure

Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact

Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice

We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020