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VMware View 5: Building a Successful Virtual Desktop

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VMware View 5: Building a Successful Virtual Desktop


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  • Copyright 2013
  • Edition: 1st
  • Book
  • ISBN-10: 0-321-82234-X
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-321-82234-5

VMware View 5 for the Desktop


Companies that have already realized the benefits of VMware server virtualization are now discovering that

VMware View 5 offers equally powerful opportunities on the client side. VMware View 5 is a comprehensive

enterprise-class solution. But, until now, crucial information about it has been scattered throughout dozens

of technical documents. In VMware View 5, leading desktop virtualization expert Paul O’Doherty combines

this critical information with deep insights and best practices from his extensive enterprise deployment


O’Doherty walks through every step, from the earliest planning phases through configuration,

implementation, and management. He addresses important considerations ranging from changes to

end-user experience through support and performance management. You’ll learn how to plan and smoothly

stage virtual desktop infrastructure deployments, and avoid pitfalls associated with latency, scalability,

storage, and networking.

Whether you’re an architect, system administrator, or virtualization consultant, this guide’s proven

techniques can help you dramatically improve IT productivity as you build environments that are far more

flexible and easier to manage.


  • Understanding the business value of desktop virtualization, and how VMware View delivers it
  • Engaging end users in the process of delivering desktop services
  • Using vSphere virtual infrastructure to add even more value to the virtual desktop 
  • Properly installing and configuring VMware View environments, including View Persona
  • Virtualizing applications with ThinApp
  • Building and tuning virtual desktops for optimal performance
  • Managing ThinApp packages and pools in complex enterprise environments
  • Protecting virtualized desktops against malware with VMware vShield EndPoint
  • Delivering a rich, high-performance user experience
  • Using Offline Desktops to serve tablets and other mobile devices
  • Migrating from older versions of View
  • Providing high availability and addressing single points of failure
  • Monitoring and actively managing virtual desktops by integrating vCenter Operations Manager with VMware View Adapter

Paul O’Doherty is a Cloud Solution Manager at Onx.com, and has spent 20 years designing, implementing,

and managing IT infrastructures in highly available computing environments. His experience with virtualization

includes OS virtualization, storage virtualization, application virtualization, and WAN optimization. He

holds numerous industry certifications, publishes reviews at virtualization.info, and maintains the popular

virtualization site virtualguru.org.

Sample Content

Online Sample Chapter

VMware View 5 Implementation

Sample Pages

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Table of Contents

Preface xv

Acknowledgments xix

About the Author xx

1 Virtual Desktop Infrastructure Overview 1

The Evolution of the Virtual Desktop 1

    Where Did It All Start? 1

    The Importance of Application Virtualization 6

    The Importance of User Data Management 9

    The Importance of Multimedia 10

VoIP 11

    Considerations for Deploying VDI 11

    Thin Clients 15

    Test Failure Scenarios 16

    Engage the Users 17

    Planning for VMware View 17

Summary 31

2 VMware View Architecture 33

Virtual 33

    Infrastructure Introduction 34

    VMware vSphere 5 Architecture 39

    VMware vSphere 5 40

    VMware ESXi 40

    vCenter Server 41

    Network 46

    Storage 50

VMware View Architecture 50

    Load Balancing 51

    Active Directory 53

Summary 67

3 VMware View 5 Implementation 69

Preparing a vCenter Installation 69

Installing Microsoft SQL Server 73

    Full Backup 82

    Differential 89

    Log Backups 89

Installing vCenter 90

Installing vSphere 98

    Auto Deploy 102

    Host Profiles 112

    Storage Connectivity 115

Installing VMware View 116

Configuring the View Connection Server 120

    Adding vCenter Server 123

    Configuring the Transfer Server 126

    Adding the Transfer Server 128

    Adding the Image Repository 129

    Publishing Virtual Machine for Offline Mode 129

    The Event Database 129

    Persona Management 132

    Security Servers 133

    Firewall Rules 135

    Adding the Security Servers 135

Summary 138

4 Application Virtualization 139

Why Virtualize Applications? 139

    Setting Up the ThinApp Packaging Environment 141

    ThinApp Packages and Microsoft Activation 156

    Creating a Package 157

    Deploying a Package Through View 168

Summary 171

5 Building Your Virtual Desktop 173

P2V or Clean Build? 173

    Manually Installing Windows 7 175

    Manually Installing the VMware View Agent 179

    Installing Windows 7 Through VMware Workstation 181

    Installing an Image Through vCenter 186

    General Optimizations 197

    Operating System Optimizations 198

    Manually Installing Windows 2008 RDS Server 199

    Making a Terminal Server Look Like a Desktop 199

    View Persona Management 202

    View Persona Management: A New Approach 209

    Completing the Cycle of Persona Management 210

Summary 210

6 View Operations and Management 211

Managing a VMware View Environment 211

Using View Folders 212

Types of Desktop Pools 214

    Automated Desktop Pools 215

    Manual Desktop Pools 215

    Microsoft Terminal Services Desktop Pool 215

Creating Desktop Pools 216

    SysPrep or QuickPrep? 223

Power Options 225

    Pool Settings 228

View Composer Settings 234

    View Composer Disks 235

    vCenter Settings 235

    Provisioning Settings 239

Entitlement 241

View Composer 242

    Replicas 243

    Refresh 245

    Recompose 248

    Rebalance 249

Managing Persistent Disks 251

Managing Applications 254

    Updating ThinApp Packages 254

    About Relink 254

    Inplace Upgrades 256

    SandBox Merge 257

    Using AppSync 261

Summary 266

7 VMware vShield EndPoint 267

VMware vShield EndPoint 267

High-Level Architecture 268

vSphere Update Manager 271

    Creating the 32-Bit ODBC Connection 273

    Installing Update Manager 277

    Configuring Update Manager 284

Patching Your Environment 293

Adding the vShield Manager to the vSphere Environment 300

Adding the vShield Driver to Your VMs 307

Plugging In Your Third-Party Solution 308

Integrating vShield and Trend Micro Deep Security 315

Summary 329

8 A Rich End-User Experience 331

How Do You Deliver a Rich End-User Experience? 332

Enhancements in PCoIP 334

Building a Performance Test Environment 336

Installing and Configuring WANem 340

Installing and Configuring WireShark 346

Tuning PCoIP 350

Tuning Parameters 351

Further Analysis 357

    PCoIP Bandwidth Utilization 361

    PCoIP Bandwidth Rate Limiting 362

    PCoIP Connection Quality 363

    PCoIP Packet Counts 363

    PCoIP Connection Latency 364

Encoding Graphs 364

The Impact of Load or IOPS 366

Setting Up VMware ViewPlanner 367

Setting Up the Client Desktop 371

Summary 372

9 Offline Desktops 373

Why Deliver an Offline Desktop? 373

    Best Practices 384

Summary 389

10 Migrating from Older Versions of View 391

Upgrading to New Versions of View 391

Upgrading Example 393

Summary 417

11 High Availability Considerations 419

Making Your View Environment Resilient 419

Storage Heartbeats 423

Configuring iSCSI Multipathing 427

VMware FT 430

    vCenter Heartbeat 431

    Installing VMware vCenter Server Heartbeat 432

    Configuring VMware vCenter Server Heartbeat 438

    Testing VMware vCenter Server Heartbeat 441

Other Services and Considerations 442

High Availability Scenario 446

Deploying a Microsoft Cluster on vSphere 448

    Creating a Microsoft Windows 2008 R2 Cluster 449

    Connecting the Windows Cluster to the SAN 451

    Using MCS 452

    Configuring MCS 453

    Using MPIO 457

    Configuring MPIO 458

    Preparing the Volumes 465

    Installing the Microsoft Cluster 466

    Configuring the Cluster 468

    Adding File Services and the Distributed File System 470

    Distributed File System 475

    Installing and Configuring DFS 475

    Setting Up Windows NLB 477

    Updating Cisco Switches to Support NLB 478

Summary 479

12 Performance and Monitoring 481

Establishing a Performance Baseline 481

    Installing vCenter Operations 482

    Create an IP Pool 484

    Deploy vCenter Operations 487

    Configure vCenter Operations 488

    License vCenter Operations 490

Summary 509

Index 511


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