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Developing Cybersecurity Programs and Policies, 3rd Edition

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  • Copyright 2019
  • Pages: 600
  • Edition: 3rd
  • eBook (Watermarked)
  • ISBN-10: 0-13-485861-1
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-13-485861-6

All the Knowledge You Need to Build Cybersecurity Programs and Policies That Work

Clearly presents best practices, governance frameworks, and key standards

Includes focused coverage of healthcare, finance, and PCI DSS compliance

An essential and invaluable guide for leaders, managers, and technical professionals

Today, cyberattacks can place entire organizations at risk. Cybersecurity can no longer be delegated to specialists: success requires everyone to work together, from leaders on down. Developing Cybersecurity Programs and Policies offers start-to-finish guidance for establishing effective cybersecurity in any organization. Drawing on more than 20 years of real-world experience, Omar Santos presents realistic best practices for defining policy and governance, ensuring compliance, and collaborating to harden the entire organization.

First, Santos shows how to develop workable cybersecurity policies and an effective framework for governing them. Next, he addresses risk management, asset management, and data loss prevention, showing how to align functions from HR to physical security. You’ll discover best practices for securing communications, operations, and access; acquiring, developing, and maintaining technology; and responding to incidents.

Santos concludes with detailed coverage of compliance in finance and healthcare, the crucial Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) standard, and the NIST Cybersecurity Framework.

Whatever your current responsibilities, this guide will help you plan, manage, and lead cybersecurity–and safeguard all the assets that matter.

Learn How To

·         Establish cybersecurity policies and governance that serve your organization’s needs

·         Integrate cybersecurity program components into a coherent framework for action

·         Assess, prioritize, and manage security risk throughout the organization

·         Manage assets and prevent data loss

·         Work with HR to address human factors in cybersecurity

·         Harden your facilities and physical environment

·         Design effective policies for securing communications, operations, and access

·         Strengthen security throughout the information systems lifecycle

·         Plan for quick, effective incident response and ensure business continuity

·         Comply with rigorous regulations in finance and healthcare

·         Plan for PCI compliance to safely process payments

·         Explore and apply the guidance provided by the NIST Cybersecurity Framework

Sample Content

Sample Pages

Download the sample pages (includes Chapter 7)

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Understanding Cybersecurity Policy and Governance

Information Security vs. Cybersecurity Policies

Looking at Policy Through the Ages

    Policy in Ancient Times

    The United States Constitution as a Policy Revolution

    Policy Today

Cybersecurity Policy

    What Are Assets?

    Successful Policy Characteristics

    What Is the Role of Government?

    Additional Federal Banking Regulations

    Government Cybersecurity Regulations in Other Countries

    The Challenges of Global Policies

Cybersecurity Policy Life Cycle

    Policy Development

    Policy Publication

    Policy Adoption

    Policy Review


Chapter 2: Cybersecurity Policy Organization, Format, and Styles

Policy Hierarchy





    Plans and Programs

Writing Style and Technique

    Using Plain Language

    The Plain Language Movement

    Plain Language Techniques for Policy Writing

Policy Format

    Understand Your Audience

    Policy Format Types

    Policy Components


Chapter 3: Cybersecurity Framework

Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability

    What Is Confidentiality?

    What Is Integrity?

    What Is Availability?

    Who Is Responsible for CIA?

NIST’s Cybersecurity Framework

    What Is NIST’s Function?

    So, What About ISO?

    NIST Cybersecurity Framework

    ISO Standards


Chapter 4: Governance and Risk Management

Understanding Cybersecurity Policies

    What Is Governance?

    What Is Meant by Strategic Alignment?

    Regulatory Requirements

    User-Level Cybersecurity Policies

    Vendor Cybersecurity Policies

    Cybersecurity Vulnerability Disclosure Policies

    Client Synopsis of Cybersecurity Policies

    Who Authorizes Cybersecurity Policy?

    What Is a Distributed Governance Model?

    Evaluating Cybersecurity Policies

    Revising Cybersecurity Policies: Change Drivers

    NIST Cybersecurity Framework Governance Subcategories and Informative References

    Regulatory Requirements

Cybersecurity Risk

    Is Risk Bad?

    Understanding Risk Management

    Risk Appetite and Tolerance

    What Is a Risk Assessment?

    Risk Assessment Methodologies


Chapter 5: Asset Management and Data Loss Prevention

Information Assets and Systems

    Who Is Responsible for Information Assets?

Information Classification

    How Does the Federal Government Classify Data?

    Why Is National Security Information Classified Differently?

    Who Decides How National Security Data Is Classified?

    How Does the Private Sector Classify Data?

    Can Information Be Reclassified or Even Declassified?

Labeling and Handling Standards

    Why Label?

    Why Handling Standards?

Information Systems Inventory

    Why an Inventory Is Necessary and What Should Be Inventoried

Understanding Data Loss Prevention Technologies


Chapter 6: Human Resources Security

The Employee Life Cycle

    What Does Recruitment Have to Do with Security?

    What Happens in the Onboarding Phase?

    What Is User Provisioning?

    What Should an Employee Learn During Orientation?

    Why Is Termination Considered the Most Dangerous Phase?

The Importance of Employee Agreements

    What Are Confidentiality or Nondisclosure Agreements?

    What Is an Acceptable Use Agreement?

The Importance of Security Education and Training

    Influencing Behavior with Security Awareness

    Teaching a Skill with Security Training

    Security Education Is Knowledge Driven


Chapter 7: Physical and Environmental Security

Understanding the Secure Facility Layered Defense Model

    How Do We Secure the Site?

    How Is Physical Access Controlled?

Protecting Equipment

    No Power, No Processing?

    How Dangerous Is Fire?

    What About Disposal?

    Stop, Thief!


Chapter 8: Communications and Operations Security

Standard Operating Procedures

    Why Document SOPs?

    Developing SOPs

Operational Change Control

    Why Manage Change?

    Why Is Patching Handled Differently?

Malware Protection

    Are There Different Types of Malware?

    How Is Malware Controlled?

    What Is Antivirus Software?

Data Replication

    Is There a Recommended Backup or Replication Strategy?

Secure Messaging

    What Makes Email a Security Risk?

    Are Email Servers at Risk?

    Other Collaboration and Communication Tools

Activity Monitoring and Log Analysis

    What Is Log Management?

Service Provider Oversight

    What Is Due Diligence?

    What Should Be Included in Service Provider Contracts?

Threat Intelligence and Information Sharing

    How Good Is Cyber Threat Intelligence if It Cannot Be Shared?


Chapter 9: Access Control Management

Access Control Fundamentals

    What Is a Security Posture?

    How Is Identity Verified?

    What Is Authorization?


Infrastructure Access Controls

    Why Segment a Network?

    What Is Layered Border Security?

    Remote Access Security

User Access Controls

    Why Manage User Access?

    What Types of Access Should Be Monitored?


Chapter 10: Information Systems Acquisition, Development, and Maintenance

System Security Requirements

    What Is SDLC?

    What About Commercially Available or Open Source Software?

    The Testing Environment

    Protecting Test Data

Secure Code

    The Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP)


    Why Encrypt?

    Regulatory Requirements

    What Is a “Key”?

    What Is PKI?

    Why Protect Cryptographic Keys?

    Digital Certificate Compromise


Chapter 11: Cybersecurity Incident Response

Incident Response

    What Is an Incident?

    How Are Incidents Reported?

    What Is an Incident Response Program?

    The Incident Response Process

    Tabletop Exercises and Playbooks

    Information Sharing and Coordination

    Computer Security Incident Response Teams

    Product Security Incident Response Teams (PSIRTs)

    Incident Response Training and Exercises

What Happened? Investigation and Evidence Handling

    Documenting Incidents

    Working with Law Enforcement

    Understanding Forensic Analysis

Data Breach Notification Requirements

    Is There a Federal Breach Notification Law?

    Does Notification Work?


Chapter 12: Business Continuity Management

Emergency Preparedness

    What Is a Resilient Organization?

    Regulatory Requirements

Business Continuity Risk Management

    What Is a Business Continuity Threat Assessment?

    What Is a Business Continuity Risk Assessment?

    What Is a Business Impact Assessment?

The Business Continuity Plan

    Roles and Responsibilities

    Disaster Response Plans

    Operational Contingency Plans

    The Disaster Recovery Phase

    The Resumption Phase

Plan Testing and Maintenance

    Why Is Testing Important?

    Plan Maintenance


Chapter 13: Regulatory Compliance for Financial Institutions

The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act

    What Is a Financial Institution?

    Regulatory Oversight

    What Are the Interagency Guidelines?

New York’s Department of Financial Services Cybersecurity Regulation (23 NYCRR Part 500)

What Is a Regulatory Examination?

    Examination Process

    Examination Ratings

Personal and Corporate Identity Theft

    What Is Required by the Interagency Guidelines Supplement A?

    What Is Required by the Supplement to the Authentication in an Internet Banking Environment Guidance?


Chapter 14: Regulatory Compliance for the Health-Care Sector

The HIPAA Security Rule

    What Is the Objective of the HIPAA Security Rule?

    How Is the HIPAA Security Rule Organized?

    What Are the Physical Safeguards?

    What Are the Technical Safeguards?

    What Are the Organizational Requirements?

    What Are the Policies and Procedures Standards?

    The HIPAA Security Rule Mapping to NIST Cybersecurity Framework

The HITECH Act and the Omnibus Rule

    What Changed for Business Associates?

    What Are the Breach Notification Requirements?

Understanding the HIPAA Compliance Enforcement Process


Chapter 15: PCI Compliance for Merchants

Protecting Cardholder Data

    What Is the PAN?

    The Luhn Algorithm

    What Is the PCI DDS Framework?

    Business-as-Usual Approach

    What Are the PCI Requirements?

PCI Compliance

    Who Is Required to Comply with PCI DSS?

    What Is a Data Security Compliance Assessment?

    What Is the PCI DSS Self-Assessment Questionnaire (SAQ)?

    Are There Penalties for Noncompliance?


Chapter 16: NIST Cybersecurity Framework

Introducing the NIST Cybersecurity Framework Components

The Framework Core






Framework Implementation Tiers (“Tiers”)

    Who Should Coordinate the Framework Implementation?

NIST’s Recommended Steps to Establish or Improve a Cybersecurity Program

Communication with Stakeholders and Supply Chain Relationships

NIST’s Cybersecurity Framework Reference Tool

Adopting the NIST Cybersecurity Framework in Real Life


Appendix A: Cybersecurity Program Resources 608

Appendix B: Answers to the Multiple Choice Questions 618

9780789759405   TOC   6/27/2018


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