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MCTS 70-680 Cert Guide: Microsoft Windows 7, Configuring

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MCTS 70-680 Cert Guide: Microsoft Windows 7, Configuring

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  • Copyright 2011
  • Edition: 1st
  • eBook (Watermarked)
  • ISBN-10: 0-13-139017-1
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-13-139017-1

Start-to-finish MCTS 70-680 preparation from top Microsoft technology consultant, trainer, and author Don Poulton!

  • Windows 7 installation, upgrades, and deployment
  • User and application migration
  • Windows 7 deployment
  • Physical and virtual hard disk configuration and management
  • Windows Update
  • Device and application configuration
  • Internet Explorer configuration
  • Networking, including TCP/IP configuration
  • Firewall settings
  • Mobile and remote computing
  • Secure access control for local and shared resources
  • System performance management and monitoring
  • Backups, system recovery, and file recovery

Test your knowledge, build your confidence, and succeed!

  • Packed with visuals to help you learn fast
  • Dozens of troubleshooting scenarios
  • Real-world MCTS 70-680 prep advice from experts
  • Easy-to-use exam preparation task lists

From Don Poulton, professional Microsoft technology consultant, IT training expert, and best-selling exam guide author

CD Includes Complete Sample Exam

  • Detailed explanations of correct and incorrect answers
  • Multiple test modes
  • Random questions and order of answers 

Sample Content

Table of Contents

Introduction 3

Chapter 1 Introducing Windows 7 17

Leading Up to Windows 7 17

Windows 7 Editions 20

Features of Windows 7 23

Productivity Improvements 23

Security Improvements 27

A Quick Tour of Windows 7 29

Start Menu and Taskbar 30

Configuring Windows 7 Start Menu and Taskbar 32

Start Menu Properties 32

Taskbar Properties 33

Toolbars 34

Libraries 34

Control Panel 35

System and Security 36

Network and Internet 38

Hardware and Sound 39

Programs 40

User Accounts and Family Safety 41

Appearance and Personalization 42

Clock, Language, and Region 43

Ease of Access 43

Patches, Hotfixes, and Service Packs 43

Summary 44

Chapter 2 Installing Windows 7 47

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 47

Identifying Hardware Requirements 51

Hardware Compatibility 52

Software Compatibility 53

Network Requirements 55

File System Considerations 56

Product Activation 57

Performing a Clean Installation of Windows 7 as the Sole Operating System 59

Performing an Attended Installation 59

Dual-Booting Windows 7 65

Boot Management Programs Used by Windows 7 65

Setting Up a Dual-Boot System 66

Other Windows 7 Installation Methods 66

USB 67

CD 67

Network Share 67

WDS 68

Understanding WDS 68

Requirements to Use WDS 69

Troubleshooting Windows 7 Installation Issues 70

Troubleshooting Process 70

Identifying the Point of Failure 71

Discovering the Cause of the Failure 71

Defining a Solution 72

Testing and Implementing the Solution 72

Documenting the Results 72

Troubleshooting an Attended Installation 72

Media Problems 73

Insufficient Hard Drive Space 73

Unrecognizable DVD-ROM Drive 74

Unavailable Network 74

Advanced Startup 80

Refer to Compatibility 80

Troubleshooting Failed Installations 82

Stop Errors or Blue Screen of Death 83

Stopped Installation 84

Review All the Key Topics 85

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 85

Definitions of Key Terms 85

Chapter 3 Upgrading to Windows 7 87

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 87

Upgrading to Windows 7 from a Previous Version of Windows 91

Preparing a Computer to Meet Upgrade Requirements 92

Windows 7 Upgrade Advisor 92

Additional Preparatory Tasks 94

Upgrading the Computer to Windows 7 95

Migrating from Windows XP 97

The Windows.old Folder 98

Removing the Windows.old Folder 99

Upgrading from One Edition of Windows 7 to Another 100

Windows Anytime Upgrade 101

Upgrading Windows 7 101

Uninstalling Windows 7 102

Review All the Key Topics 104

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 104

Definitions of Key Terms 104

Chapter 4 Migrating Users and Applications to Windows 7 107

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 107

Migrating Users from One Computer to Another 111

User State Migration Tool 111

Preparing the Server to Run USMT 113

Collecting Files from the Source Computer 114

Loading Collected Files on the Destination Computer 115

Windows Easy Transfer 115

Using Windows Easy Transfer to Collect Files at the Source Computer 116

Using Windows Easy Transfer to Save Files at

the Destination Computer 118

Migrating Users from Previous Windows Versions 120

Using the User State Migration Tool 121

Using Windows Easy Transfer 122

Side by Side Versus Wipe and Load 122

Side by Side Migration 123

Wipe and Load Migration 123

Review All the Key Topics 125

Definitions of Key Terms 125

Chapter 5 Deploying Windows 7 127

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 127

Planning a Windows 7 Deployment 132

Understanding Windows Images 133

Understanding Windows PE 134

Understanding Answer Files 137

Understanding Configuration Passes 138

Creating an Answer File 139

Using the Answer Files to Perform an Unattended Installation 144

Capturing a System Image 145

Understanding the System Preparation Tool 145

Using Sysprep to Prepare a System for Capture 146

Creating a WIM File 148

Automated Image Capture 148

Manual Image Capture 150

Preparing System Images for Deployment 151

Understanding the Deployment Image Servicing and

Management Utility 151

Working with DISM 153

Inserting Applications into System Images 154

Inserting Drivers into System Images 156

Inserting Updates into System Images 157

Configuring Tasks to Run After Deployment 157

Deploying Windows System Images 158

Suggested Deployment Strategies 158

High-Touch with Retail Media 159

High-Touch with Standard Image 159

Lite-Touch, High-Volume Deployment 160

Zero-Touch, High-Volume Deployment 160

Using Microsoft Deployment Toolkit 2010

to Deploy Windows 7 161

What’s New with MDT 2010 161

Downloading and Installing MDT 2010 162

Using MDT 2010 Deployment Workbench to Create a Deployment Share 163

Adding Windows Images to the Deployment Share 165

Adding Additional Features to Windows Images 168

Using Task Sequences in MDT 2010 169

Using Deployment Points 173

Using MDT 2010 to Distribute Images to Multiple Computers 173

Automated Deployment of Windows 7 by Using Windows

Deployment Services 174

Understanding WDS 174

Setting Up WDS 175

Using WDS to Perform an Automated Deployment of Windows 7 177

Enabling Automatic Network Boot 177

Automating the Setup Process 178

Manually Deploying a Customized Image 179

Troubleshooting an Unattended Installation 180

Problems with Answer Files 180

Boot Disks 180

Switches 181

Answer File Specifications 181

Problems with Sysprep Installations 182

Review All the Key Topics 184

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 184

Definitions of Key Terms 185

Chapter 6 Configuring Virtual Hard Disks 187

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 187

Understanding VHDs 191

What’s New in Virtual Hard Disks? 191

Types of Virtual Hard Disks 192

Tools Used with Virtual Hard Disks 193

Creating and Configuring VHDs 194

Creating VHDs 194

Using Disk Management 194

Using DiskPart to Create a VHD 196

Mounting VHDs 198

Deploying VHDs 199

Preparing a Custom Windows Image 200

Best Practices for Using Native-Boot VHDs 200

Creating a Native-Boot VHD 201

Booting VHDs 203

Adding a Native-Boot VHD to an Older Computer 204

Offline Servicing and Updating VHDs 205

Upgrading a Windows Image to a Higher Edition 208

Using an Answer File to Service an Offline VHD 208

Review All the Key Topics 209

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 209

Definitions of Key Terms 209

Chapter 7 Configuring Devices and Updates 211

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 211

Installing and Configuring Device Drivers 215

Installing Devices and Drivers 216

Device Stage 217

Updating Drivers 218

Using Device Manager 219

Using Device Manager to Uninstall Drivers 222

Using Device Manager to Disable Drivers 223

Maintaining Device Drivers 223

Managing and Troubleshooting Drivers and Driver Signing 224

What’s New with Driver Signing in Windows 7 224

Checking Drivers for Digital Signatures 225

Driver Installation Permissions in Windows 7 227

Configuring Driver Settings 227

Troubleshooting Device Drivers 228

Resolving Driver Conflicts 228

Use of the Action Center to View Device-Related Problems 230

Use of System Information to View Device-Related Problems 231

Using Windows 7 Rollback to Resolve a Problem Driver 231

Configuring Updates to Windows 7 232

Configuring Windows Update Settings 233

Using a WSUS Server with Windows 7 235

Configuring Windows Update Policies 236

Reviewing Update History and Rolling Back Updates 239

Checking for New Updates 240

Review All the Key Topics 241

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 241

Definitions of Key Terms 241

Chapter 8 Configuring Applications and Internet Explorer 243

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 243

Configuring Application Compatibility 248

Configuring Application Compatibility Mode 248

Implementing Shims 250

Using the Application Compatibility Toolkit 251

Windows XP Mode 253

Internet Explorer Compatibility Issues 255

Configuring Application Restrictions 257

Setting Software Restriction Policies 258

Application Control Policies 262

Capabilities of AppLocker 262

Basic Configuration of AppLocker Policies 263

Creating Additional AppLocker Rules 265

Configuring Internet Explorer 270

Configuring Compatibility View 271

Configuring Security Settings 273

Configuring Internet Explorer Security Zones 274

Configuring Protected Mode in Internet Explorer 276

Configuring the SmartScreen Filter 277

Privacy Tab Settings 279

Handling Cookies 279

Blocking Pop-ups 281

Content Tab Settings 282

Advanced Tab Settings 283

Configuring Providers 283

Managing Add-ons 285

Using Accelerators 287

Using InPrivate Browsing Mode 288

InPrivate Browsing Group Policies 290

Certificates for Secure Websites 291

Review All the Key Topics 294

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 295

Definitions of Key Terms 295

Chapter 9 Configuring TCP/IP 297

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 297

Understanding the TCP/IP Protocol 301

Configuring TCP/IP Version 4 303

Static IPv4 Addressing 304

Classless Inter-Domain Routing 306

Private IPv4 Networks 307

Dynamic IP Addressing 307

Connecting to a Network 308

Using the Network and Sharing Center to Set Up a TCP/IP v4 Connection 309

Configuring IPv4 Name Resolution 313

Implementing APIPA 315

Configuring TCP/IP Version 6 316

IPv6 Address Syntax 316

IPv6 Prefixes 316

Types of IPv6 Addresses 317

Compatibility Between IPv4 and IPv6 Addresses 318

Connecting to a TCP/IP Version 6 Network 319

Configuring TCP/IPv6 Name Resolution 322

Disabling IPv6 323

Link-Local Multicast Name Resolution 323

Resolving IPv4 and IPv6 Network Connectivity Issues 324

Windows 7 Network Diagnostics Tools 324

Using TCP/IP Utilities to Troubleshoot

TCP/IP 325

ARP 326

FTP and TFTP 326

Ipconfig 327

Nbtstat 328

Netstat 328

Nslookup 328

ping 329

tracert 330

pathping 330

Troubleshooting IPv4 and IPv6 Problems 330

A Suggested Response to a Connectivity Problem 331

Network Discovery 332

Incorrect IPv4 Address or Subnet Mask 332

Unable to Connect to a DHCP Server 333

Duplicate IP Address 333

Unable to Configure an Alternate TCP/IPv4

Configuration 333

Using Event Viewer to Check Network Problems 334

Additional Troubleshooting Hints When Using IPv6 334

Review All the Key Topics 335

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 335

Definitions of Key Terms 336

Chapter 10 Configuring Network and Firewall Settings 339

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 339

Configuring Networking Settings 344

Network Devices and Locations 344

Setting Up New Network Connections 346

Connecting to Existing Networks 347

Setting Up Network Sharing and Discovery 348

Using Internet Connection Sharing to Share Your

Internet Connection 349

Connecting to Wireless Networks 352

Wireless Networking Protocols 354

Setting Up a Wireless Network Connection 354

Managing Wireless Network Connections 357

Wireless Network Profiles 359

Configuring Location Aware Printing 360

Configuring Security Settings in Windows Firewall 361

Basic Windows Firewall Configuration 362

Using the Windows Firewall with Advanced Security Snap-in 368

Configuring Multiple Firewall Profiles 369

Configuring New Firewall Rules 371

Modifying Rule Properties 375

Configuring Notifications 376

Group Policy and Windows Firewall 376

Review All the Key Topics 379

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 379

Definitions of Key Terms 380

Chapter 11 Configuring Access to Local and Shared Resources 383

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 383

Configuring Shared Resources 389

Using the Network and Sharing Center to Configure File Sharing 389

Sharing Files, Folders, and Printers 390

Modifying Shared Folder Properties 392

Use of the Public Folder for Sharing Files 396

Mapping a Drive 396

Command-Line Administration of Shared Folders 397

Password-Protected Sharing 398

Media Streaming 398

Folder Virtualization 399

Sharing Printers 401

Configuring Homegroup Settings 403

Creating a HomeGroup 403

Joining a Homegroup 403

Modifying Homegroup Settings 405

Configuring Security Permissions 406

NTFS File and Folder Permissions 407

Applying NTFS Permissions 408

Specifying Advanced Permissions 410

NTFS Permissions Inheritance 414

Taking Ownership of Files and Folders 415

Effective Permissions 416

Viewing a User’s Effective Permissions 417

Copying and Moving Files and Folders 418

Copying Files and Folders with NTFS Permissions 418

Moving Files and Folders with NTFS Permissions 419

Using the Mouse to Copy or Move Objects from One Location to Another 420

Practical Guidelines on Sharing and Securing Folders 420

Configuring Data Encryption 421

Encrypting File System Basics 422

Preparing a Disk for EFS 424

Encrypting Files 425

Backing Up EFS Keys 426

Decrypting Files 427

EFS Recovery Agents 427

Review All the Key Topics 430

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 431

Definitions of Key Terms 431

Chapter 12 Configuring Access Controls 433

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 433

Configuring User Account Control 438

Features of User Account Control 439

Application Prompts 442

Running Programs with Elevated Privileges 443

Configuring User Account Control 444

User Account Control Policies 446

Configuring Authentication and Authorization 449

Controlling Windows Logon 450

Managing Credentials 450

Adding, Editing, and Removing Credentials in Credential Manager 451

Backing Up and Restoring Credentials in Credential Manager 453

Managing Certificates 454

Using Smart Cards 456

Smart Cards and Multifactor Authentication 457

Smart Card Policies 457

Configuring Account Policies 458

Password Policies 458

Account Lockout 460

Unlocking an Account 460

Configuring User Rights 461

Resolving Authentication Issues 464

Resetting Passwords 464

Using a Password Reset Disk 465

Configuring BranchCache 466

Distributed Cache and Hosted Cache 467

Configuring BranchCache Settings 467

Using the netsh Command to Configure BranchCache 467

Using Group Policy to Enable BranchCache 468

Specifying BranchCache Firewall Rules 470

BranchCache Network Infrastructure Requirements 471

Using BranchCache Across a Virtual Private Network 471

Certificate Management with BranchCache 472

Review All the Key Topics 473

Definitions of Key Terms 473

Chapter 13 Configuring Mobile Computing 475

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 475

Configuring BitLocker and BitLocker To Go 479

BitLocker Drive Encryption 479

Preparing Your Computer to Use BitLocker 480

Enabling BitLocker 481

Managing BitLocker 484

BitLocker To Go 485

BitLocker Policies 486

Operating System Drives 487

Fixed Data Drive Policies 488

Use of Data Recovery Agents 489

Configuring DirectAccess 491

Network Infrastructure Requirements 493

Using IPv6 with DirectAccess 493

Use of Network Access Protection 494

The DirectAccess Connection Process 494

Configuring DirectAccess Clients 495

Configuring Authentication 496

Configuring Mobility Options 497

Control Panel 497

Windows Mobility Center 498

Using Offline Files 499

Client Computer Configuration 500

Server Configuration 502

Use of the Sync Center 503

Offline File Policies 506

Configuring Transparent Caching of Offline Files 508

Configuring Power Options 508

Power Plans 510

Additional Power Plan Options 511

Advanced Power Settings 512

Battery Meter 515

Power Management and Group Policy 515

Review All the Key Topics 518

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 519

Definitions of Key Terms 519

Chapter 14 Configuring Remote Management and Remote Connections 521

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 521

Configuring Remote Management 525

Remote Desktop 525

Establishing a Remote Desktop Connection with Another Computer 525

Configuring the Server Side of Remote Desktop 527

Selecting a Nondefault Port 529

Remote Assistance 530

Using Windows Remote Management Service 535

Using Windows Remote Shell 536

Using Windows PowerShell 537

Configuring Remote Connections 540

Understanding Remote Access 541

Remote Access Authentication Protocols 541

Remote Access Security 543

Establishing VPN Connections and Authentication 544

VPN Connection Security 547

Enabling VPN Reconnect 548

Advanced Security Auditing 549

NAP Quarantine Remediation 550

Configuring Dial-Up Connections 552

Accepting Incoming Connections 554

Published Applications on Remote Desktop 555

RD Gateway Policies 557

Using RemoteApp to Specify Applications 558

Review All the Key Topics 558

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 559

Definitions of Key Terms 559

Chapter 15 Disk Management 561

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 561

Managing Disks and Volumes 565

Basic and Dynamic Disks 566

Working with Basic Disks 568

Converting Basic Disks to Dynamic 572

Working with Dynamic Disks 574

Troubleshooting Disk Problems 576

Managing File System Fragmentation 578

Disk Defragmenter 578

The Defrag.exe Command-Line Tool 580

Error Checking 581

RAID Volumes 582

Creating a RAID-0 Volume 582

Creating a Spanned Volume 585

Creating a Mirrored Volume 585

Creating a RAID-5 Volume 585

Using DiskPart to Create Striped, Mirrored, and RAID-5

Volumes 586

Managing and Troubleshooting RAID Volumes 587

Configuring Removable Drive Policies 587

Review All the Key Topics 589

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 589

Definitions of Key Terms 589

Chapter 16 Managing and Monitoring System Performance 591

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 591

Windows System Monitoring Tools 596

Configuring and Working with Event Logs 600

Viewing Logs in Event Viewer 601

Customizing Event Viewer 602

Creating Tasks from Events 603

Using Event Log Subscriptions 604

Configuring Computers to Forward and Collect Events 604

Configuring Event Log Subscriptions 605

Managing Computer Performance 608

Reliability Monitor 608

Task Manager 610

Configuring Application Priority 612

Resource Monitor 613

CPU Tab 614

Memory Tab 614

Disk Tab 615

Network Tab 615

Performance Monitor 615

Data Collector Sets 619

Creating Data Collector Sets 619

Using Performance Monitor to Create a Data Collector Set 622

Optimizing and Troubleshooting Memory Performance 623

Optimizing and Troubleshooting Processor Utilization 625

Optimizing and Troubleshooting Disk Performance 626

Command-Line Utilities 628

Configuring Additional Performance Settings 628

Configuring the Hard Drive Cache 628

Windows ReadyBoost 629

System Configuration Utility 631

General Tab 631

Boot Tab 632

Services Tab 632

Startup Tab 633

Tools Tab 633

Configuring the Relative Priority of Foreground and Background Tasks 633

Configuring Processor Scheduling 634

Action Center 635

Advanced Networking Performance Options 636

Configuring Services and Programs to Resolve Performance Issues 636

Review All the Key Topics 639

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 639

Definitions of Key Terms 640

Chapter 17 Configuring Backups 643

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 643

Using Windows Backup to Protect Your Data 646

Configuring Windows Backup for the First Time 646

Managing and Troubleshooting Your Backups 650

Scheduling Your Backups 653

Using the Command Line to Perform a Backup 654

Creating a System Image 655

Creating a System Recovery Disk 657

Review All the Key Topics 658

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 658

Definitions of Key Terms 658

Chapter 18 Configuring System and File Recovery 661

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 661

Restoring Files and Folders 665

Using Windows Backup to Recover Data 665

Restoring User Profiles 669

Using Shadow Copies to Restore Damaged or Deleted Files 669

System Restore 671

Running System Restore 672

Configuring System Restore Properties 674

Device Driver Rollback 675

Recovering Your Operating System from Backup 676

Using a System Repair Disk 679

Advanced System Startup Options 682

Last Known Good Configuration 682

Safe Mode 684

Boot Logging 685

Low Resolution Video (640 _ 480) 685

Debugging Mode 685

Disable Automatic Restart on System Failure 685

Disable Driver Signature Enforcement 685

Review All the Key Topics 686

Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 686

Definitions of Key Terms 686

Practice Exam 689

Answers to Practice Exam 747

Appendix A Answers to the “Do I Know This Already?” Quizzes 785

Appendix B Glossary 817

Index 836

Elements Available on CD

Appendix C Memory Tables

Appendix D Memory Tables Answer Key


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