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CCNA Data Center DCICT 640-916 Official Cert Guide

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CCNA Data Center DCICT 640-916 Official Cert Guide


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  • The only officially authorized study guide for the DCICT exam
  • Presents in-depth, expert explanations of all concepts on the DCICT exam, including DC fundamentals, Unified Fabric, storage networking, virtualization, network services, and more
  • Packed with features to help candidates master the actual exam's challenging testing approach
  • CD-based practice tests contain challenging questions that closely mimic the difficulty of the actual exam


  • Copyright 2015
  • Dimensions: 7-3/8" x 9-1/8"
  • Pages: 1072
  • Edition: 1st
  • Book
  • ISBN-10: 1-58714-422-0
  • ISBN-13: 978-1-58714-422-6

CCNA Data Center DCICT 640-916 Official Cert Guide

CCNA Data Center DCICT 640-916 Official Cert Guide from Cisco Press enables you to succeed on the exam the first time and is the only self-study resource approved by Cisco. A team of leading Cisco data center experts shares preparation hints and test-taking tips, helping you identify areas of weakness and improve both your conceptual knowledge and hands-on skills.

This complete, official study package includes

--A test-preparation routine proven to help you pass the exam

--“Do I Know This Already?” quizzes, which enable you to decide how much time you need to spend on each section

--Part-ending exercises, which help you drill on key concepts you must know thoroughly

--The powerful Pearson IT Certification Practice Testsoftware, complete with hundreds of well-reviewed, exam-realistic questions, customization options, and detailed performance reports

--Study plan suggestions and templates to help you organize and optimize your study time

--A final preparation chapter that guides you through tools and resources to help you craft your review and test-taking strategies

Well regarded for its level of detail, study plans, assessment features, and challenging review questions and exercises, this official study guide helps you master the concepts and techniques that ensure your exam success.

The official study guide helps you master topics on the CCNA Data Center DCICT 640-916 exam, including

--Cisco data center concepts: architectures, devices, layers, modular design, vPC, FabricPath, Cisco Nexus switches, and more

--Data center unified fabric: FCoE, multihop, VIFs, FEX, and setup

--Storage networking: concepts, targets, verification, connectivity, zoning, setup, and configuration

--Data center virtualization: servers, devices, and Nexus 1000V, including setup and operations

--Cisco Unified Computing: concepts, discovery, connectivity, setup, and UCSM

--Data center network services: ACE load balancing, virtual context, HA, management, global/local solutions, and WAAS

The CD-ROM contains more than 450 practice questions for the exam, memory table exercises and answer keys, and a study planner tool.

Includes Exclusive Offer for 70% Off Premium Edition eBook and Practice Test

Pearson IT Certification Practice Test minimum system requirements:

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Premium Edition

The exciting new CCNA Data Center DCICT 640-916 Official Cert Guide Premium Edition eBook and Practice Test is a digital-only certification preparation product combining an eBook with enhanced Pearson IT Certification Practice Test. The Premium Edition eBook and Practice Test contains the following items:

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About the Premium Edition Practice Test

This Premium Edition contains an enhanced version of the Pearson IT Certification Practice Test (PCPT) software with four complete practice exams. This integrated learning package:

  • Allows you to focus on individual topic areas or take complete, timed exams
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Pearson IT Certification Practice Test minimum system requirements:

Windows XP (SP3), Windows Vista (SP2), or Windows 7;

Microsoft .NET Framework 4.0 Client;

Microsoft SQL Server Compact 4.0;

Pentium class 1GHz processor (or equivalent);

512 MB RAM;

650 MB disc space plus 50 MB for each downloaded practice exam

Sample Content

Online Sample Chapter

Virtualizing Cisco Network Devices

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Table of Contents

Introduction xxxix

Getting Started 1

Part I Data Center Networking 7

Chapter 1 Data Center Network Architecture 9

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 9

Foundation Topics 14

Modular Approach in Network Design 14

The Multilayer Network Design 14

    Access Layer 16

    Aggregation Layer 16

    Core Layer 17

    Collapse Core Design 17

    Spine and Leaf Design 18

Port Channel 19

    What Is Port Channel? 19

    Benefits of Using Port Channels 20

    Port Channel Compatibility Requirements 20

    Link Aggregation Control Protocol 21

    Port Channel Modes 21

    Configuring Port Channel 22

    Port Channel Load Balancing 23

    Verifying Port Channel Configuration 23

Virtual Port Channel 24

    What Is Virtual Port Channel? 24

    Benefits of Using Virtual Port Channel 26

    Components of vPC 26

    vPC Data Plane Operation 29

    vPC Control Plane Operation 30

    vPC Limitations 31

    Configuration Steps of vPC 32

    Verification of vPC 33

FabricPath 34

    Spanning Tree Protocol 34

    What Is FabricPath? 35

    Benefits of FabricPath 36

    Components of FabricPath 36

    FabricPath Frame Format 38

    FabricPath Control Plane 40

    FabricPath Data Plane 41

    Conversational Learning 42

    FabricPath Packet Flow Example 43

        Unknown Unicast Packet Flow 43

        Known Unicast Packet Flow 44

    Virtual Port Channel Plus 45

    FabricPath Interaction with Spanning Tree 46

    Configuring FabricPath 47

    Verifying FabricPath 48

Exam Preparation Tasks 50

Review All Key Topics 50

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 50

Define Key Terms 51

Chapter 2 Cisco Nexus Product Family 53

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 53

Foundation Topics 56

Describe the Cisco Nexus Product Family 56

Cisco Nexus 9000 Family 57

    Cisco Nexus 9500 Family 57

        Chassis 59

        Supervisor Engine 60

        System Controller 60

        Fabric Modules 61

        Line Cards 62

        Power Supplies 64

        Fan Trays 65

        Cisco QSFP Bi-Di Technology for 40 Gbps Migration 66

    Cisco Nexus 9300 Family 66

Cisco Nexus 7000 and Nexus 7700 Product Family 67

    Cisco Nexus 7004 Series Switch Chassis 70

    Cisco Nexus 7009 Series Switch Chassis 71

    Cisco Nexus 7010 Series Switch Chassis 72

    Cisco Nexus 7018 Series Switch Chassis 72

    Cisco Nexus 7706 Series Switch Chassis 73

    Cisco Nexus 7710 Series Switch Chassis 74

    Cisco Nexus 7718 Series Switch Chassis 74

    Cisco Nexus 7000 and Nexus 7700 Supervisor Module 75

        Cisco Nexus 7000 Series Supervisor 1 Module 76

        Cisco Nexus 7000 Series Supervisor 2 Module 76

    Cisco Nexus 7000 and Nexus 7700 Fabric Modules 77

    Cisco Nexus 7000 and Nexus 7700 Licensing 79

    Cisco Nexus 7000 and Nexus 7700 Line Cards 82

    Cisco Nexus 7000 and Nexus 7700 Series Power Supply Options 84

        Cisco Nexus 7000 and Nexus 7700 Series 3.0-KW AC

        Power Supply Module 85

        Cisco Nexus 7000 and Nexus 7700 Series 3.0-KW DC

        Power Supply Module 85

        Cisco Nexus 7000 Series 6.0-KW and 7.5-KW AC

        Power Supply Module 86

        Cisco Nexus 7000 Series 6.0-KW DC Power Supply Module 87

Cisco Nexus 6000 Product Family 89

    Cisco Nexus 6001P and Nexus 6001T Switches and Features 89

    Cisco Nexus 6004 Switches Features 90

    Cisco Nexus 6000 Switches Licensing Options 91

Cisco Nexus 5500 and Nexus 5600 Product Family 93

    Cisco Nexus 5548P and 5548UP Switches Features 94

    Cisco Nexus 5596UP and 5596T Switches Features 94

    Cisco Nexus 5500 Products Expansion Modules 95

Cisco Nexus 5600 Product Family 98

    Cisco Nexus 5672UP Switch Features 99

    Cisco Nexus 56128P Switch Features 100

    Cisco Nexus 5600 Expansion Modules 100

    Cisco Nexus 5500 and Nexus 5600 Licensing Options 101

Cisco Nexus 3000 Product Family 102

    Cisco Nexus 3000 Licensing Options 106

Cisco Nexus 2000 Fabric Extenders Product Family 108

Cisco Dynamic Fabric Automation 113

Summary 113

Exam Preparation Tasks 115

Review All Key Topics 115

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 116

Define Key Terms 116

Chapter 3 Virtualizing Cisco Network Devices 119

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 119

Foundation Topics 121

Describing VDCs on the Cisco Nexus 7000 Series Switch 121

    VDC Deployment Scenarios 122

        Horizontal Consolidation Scenarios 123

        Vertical Consolidation Scenarios 124

        VDCs for Service Insertion 124

    Understanding Different Types of VDCs 125

    Interface Allocation 127

    VDC Administration 127

    VDC Requirements 128

    Verifying VDCs on the Cisco Nexus 7000 Series Switch 129

Describing Network Interface Virtualization 132

    Cisco Nexus 2000 FEX Terminology 132

    Nexus 2000 Series Fabric Extender Connectivity 133

    VN-Tag Overview 134

    Cisco Nexus 2000 FEX Packet Flow 135

    Cisco Nexus 2000 FEX Port Connectivity 136

    Cisco Nexus 2000 FEX Configuration on the Nexus 7000 Series 138

Summary 141

Exam Preparation Tasks 142

Review All Key Topics 142

Define Key Terms 142

Chapter 4 Data Center Interconnect 145

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 145

Foundation Topics 147

Introduction to Overlay Transport Virtualization 147

OTV Terminology 149

OTV Control Plane 151

    Multicast Enabled Transport Infrastructure 151

    Unicast-Enabled Transport Infrastructure 152

Data Plane for Unicast Traffic 153

Data Plane for Multicast Traffic 155

Failure Isolation 157

    STP Isolation 157

    Unknown Unicast Handling 157

    ARP Optimization 158

    OTV Multihoming 158

    First Hop Redundancy Protocol Isolation 158

OTV Configuration Example with Multicast Transport 159

OTV Configuration Example with Unicast Transport 162

Summary 164

Exam Preparation Tasks 165

Review All Key Topics 165

Define Key Terms 165

Chapter 5 Management and Monitoring of Cisco Nexus Devices 167

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 167

Foundation Topics 171

Operational Planes of a Nexus Switch 171

    Data Plane 171

        Store-and-Forward Switching 172

        Cut-Through Switching 172

        Nexus 5500 Data Plane Architecture 172

        Control Plane 174

        Nexus 5500 Control Plane Architecture 174

        Control Plane Policing 176

        Control Plane Analyzer 178

    Management Plane 178

Nexus Management and Monitoring Features 179

    Out-of-Band Management 180

        Console Port 181

        Connectivity Management Processor 181

        Management Port (mgmt0) 182

    In-band Management 182

    Role-Based Access Control 183

        User Roles 183

        Rules 184

        User Role Policies 184

        RBAC Characteristics and Guidelines 184

        Privilege Levels 185

    Simple Network Management Protocol 185

        SNMP Notifications 186

        SNMPv3 186

    Remote Monitoring 187

        RMON Alarms 187

        RMON Events 188

    Syslog 188

    Embedded Event Manager 189

        Event Statements 189

        Action Statements 189

        Policies 190

    Generic Online Diagnostics (GOLD) 190

    Smart Call Home 191

Nexus Device Configuration and Verification 192

    Perform Initial Setup 192

    In-Service Software Upgrade 195

        ISSU on the Cisco Nexus 5000 196

        ISSU on the Cisco Nexus 7000 197

    Important CLI Commands 199

        Command-Line Help 199

        Automatic Command Completion 200

        Entering and Exiting Configuration Context 200

        Display Current Configuration 201

        Command Piping and Parsing 202

        Feature Command 203

        Verifying Modules 204

        Verifying Interfaces 205

        Viewing Logs 207

        Viewing NVRAM logs 208

Exam Preparation Tasks 209

Review All Key Topics 209

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 209

Define Key Terms 209

Part I Review 210

Part II Data Center Storage-Area Networking 215

Chapter 6 Data Center Storage Architecture 217

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 217

Foundation Topics 220

What Is a Storage Device? 220

What Is a Storage-Area Network? 224

How to Access a Storage Device 226

    Block-Level Protocols 227

    File-Level Protocols 236

    Putting It All Together 238

Storage Architectures 238

    Scale-up and Scale-out Storage 239

    Tiered Storage 239

SAN Design 241

    SAN Design Considerations 244

        1. Port Density and Topology Requirements 244

        2. Device Performance and Oversubscription Ratios 245

        3. Traffic Management 247

        4. Fault Isolation 247

        5. Control Plane Scalability 248

    SAN Topologies 249

Fibre Channel 252

    FC-0: Physical Interface 253

    FC-1: Encode/Decode 254

        Encoding and Decoding 255

        Ordered Sets 255

    FC-2: Framing Protocol 256

    Fibre Channel Service Classes 258

    Fibre Channel Flow Control 258

    FC-3: Common Services 260

    Fibre Channel Addressing 261

        Switched Fabric Address Space 262

    Fibre Channel Link Services 263

    Fibre Channel Fabric Services 265

    FC-4: ULPs–Application Protocols 266

    Fibre Channel–Standard Port Types 267

    Virtual Storage-Area Network 269

        Dynamic Port VSAN Membership 271

        Inter-VSAN Routing 271

    Fibre Channel Zoning and LUN Masking 272

        Device Aliases Versus Zone-Based (FC) Aliases 276

Reference List 277

Exam Preparation Tasks 278

Review All Key Topics 278

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 280

Define Key Terms 280

Chapter 7 Cisco MDS Product Family 283

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 283

Foundation Topics 286

Once Upon a Time There Was a Company Called Andiamo 286

    The Secret Sauce of Cisco MDS: Architecture 288

    A Day in the Life of a Fibre Channel Frame in MDS 9000 289

    Lossless Networkwide In-Order Delivery Guarantee 296

Cisco MDS Software and Storage Services 296

    Flexibility and Scalability 296

        Common Software Across All Platforms 296

        Multiprotocol Support 296

    Virtual SANs 297

    Intelligent Fabric Applications 297

        Network-Assisted Applications 297

        Cisco Data Mobility Manager 298

        I/O Accelerator 298

        XRC Acceleration 299

    Network Security 299

        Switch and Host Authentication 299

        IP Security for FCIP and iSCSI 299

        Cisco TrustSec Fibre Channel Link Encryption 300

        Role-Based Access Control 300

        Port Security and Fabric Binding 300

        Zoning 300

    Availability 301

        Nondisruptive Software Upgrades 301

        Stateful Process Failover 301

        ISL Resiliency Using Port Channels 301

        iSCSI, FCIP, and Management-Interface High Availability 302

        Port Tracking for Resilient SAN Extension 302

    Manageability 302

    Open APIs 303

    Configuration and Software-Image Management 303

        N-Port Virtualization 303

        Autolearn for Network Security Configuration 304

        FlexAttach 304

        Cisco Data Center Network Manager Server Federation 304

        Network Boot for iSCSI Hosts 304

        Internet Storage Name Service 304

        Proxy iSCSI Initiator 304

        iSCSI Server Load Balancing 305

    IPv6 305

    Traffic Management 305

        Quality of Service 305

        Extended Credits 305

        Virtual Output Queuing 305

        Fibre Channel Port Rate Limiting 306

        Load Balancing of Port Channel Traffic 306

    iSCSI and SAN Extension Performance Enhancements 306

        FCIP Compression 306

        FCIP Tape Acceleration 306

    Serviceability, Troubleshooting, and Diagnostics 307

        Cisco Switched Port Analyzer and Cisco Fabric Analyzer 307

        SCSI Flow Statistics 307

        Fibre Channel Ping and Fibre Channel Traceroute 307

        Call Home 308

        System Log 308

        Other Serviceability Features 308

    Cisco MDS 9000 Family Software License Packages 309

Cisco MDS Multilayer Directors 312

    Cisco MDS 9700 312

    Cisco MDS 9500 315

    Cisco MDS 9000 Series Multilayer Components 319

        Cisco MDS 9700—MDS 9500 Supervisor and Crossbar Switching Modules 319

        Cisco MDS 9000 48-Port 8-Gbps Advanced Fibre Channel Switching Module 322

        Cisco MDS 9000 32-Port 8-Gbps Advanced Fibre Channel Switching Module 323

        Cisco MDS 9000 18/4-Port Multiservice Module (MSM) 323

        Cisco MDS 9000 16-Port Gigabit Ethernet Storage Services Node (SSN) Module 324

        Cisco MDS 9000 4-Port 10-Gbps Fibre Channel Switching Module 324

        Cisco MDS 9000 8-Port 10-Gbps Fibre Channel over Ethernet (FCoE) Module 325

        Cisco MDS 9700 48-Port 16-Gbps Fibre Channel Switching Module 325

        Cisco MDS 9700 48-Port 10-Gbps Fibre Channel over Ethernet (FCoE) Module 326

        Cisco MDS 9000 Family Pluggable Transceivers 326

Cisco MDS Multiservice and Multilayer Fabric Switches 328

    Cisco MDS 9148 329

    Cisco MDS 9148S 329

    Cisco MDS 9222i 330

    Cisco MDS 9250i 332

Cisco MDS Fibre Channel Blade Switches 335

Cisco Prime Data Center Network Manager 337

    Cisco DCNM SAN Fundamentals Overview 338

        DCNM-SAN Server 339

        Licensing Requirements for Cisco DCNM-SAN Server 339

        Device Manager 339

        DCNM-SAN Web Client 340

        Performance Manager 340

        Authentication in DCNM-SAN Client 341

        Cisco Traffic Analyzer 341

        Network Monitoring 341

        Performance Monitoring 341

Reference List 342

Exam Preparation Tasks 343

Review All Key Topics 343

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 344

Define Key Terms 344

Chapter 8 Virtualizing Storage 347

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 347

Foundation Topics 350

What Is Storage Virtualization? 350

    How Storage Virtualization Works 351

Why Storage Virtualization? 351

What Is Being Virtualized? 352

    Block Virtualization–RAID 353

    Virtualizing Logical Unit Numbers 359

    Tape Storage Virtualization 360

    Virtualizing Storage-Area Networks 361

    N-Port ID Virtualization (NPIV) 362

    N-Port Virtualizer (NPV) 362

    Virtualizing File Systems 362

    File/Record Virtualization 363

Where Does the Storage Virtualization Occur? 364

    Host-Based Virtualization 364

    Network-Based (Fabric-Based) Virtualization 365

    Array-Based Virtualization 368

Reference List 370

Exam Preparation Tasks 372

Review All Key Topics 372

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 372

Define Key Terms 372

Chapter 9 Fibre Channel Storage-Area Networking 375

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 375

Foundation Topics 379

Where Do I Start? 379

The Cisco MDS NX-OS Setup Utility–Back to Basics 383

The Power On Auto Provisioning 392

Licensing Cisco MDS 9000 Family NX-OS Software Features 394

    License Installation 394

        Verifying the License Configuration 397

        On-Demand Port Activation Licensing 397

        Making a Port Eligible for a License 399

        Acquiring a License for a Port 399

        Moving Licenses Among Ports 399

Cisco MDS 9000 NX-OS Software Upgrade and Downgrade 400

    Upgrading to Cisco NX-OS on an MDS 9000 Series Switch 402

    Downgrading Cisco NX-OS Release on an MDS 9500 Series Switch 404

Configuring Interfaces 406

    Graceful Shutdown 407

    Port Administrative Speeds 407

    Frame Encapsulation 407

    Bit Error Thresholds 407

    Local Switching 408

    Dedicated and Shared Rate Modes 408

    Slow Drain Device Detection and Congestion Avoidance 409

    Management Interfaces 410

    VSAN Interfaces 410

Verify Initiator and Target Fabric Login 413

    VSAN Configuration 413

    Port VSAN Membership 414

Verify Fibre Channel Zoning on a Cisco MDS 9000 Series Switch 421

    About Smart Zoning 423

    About LUN Zoning and Assigning LUNs to Storage Subsystems 423

    About Enhanced Zoning 424

VSAN Trunking and Setting Up ISL Port 432

    Trunk Modes 433

    Port Channel Modes 434

Reference List 442

Exam Preparation Tasks 443

Review All Key Topics 443

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 444

Define Key Terms 444

Part II Review 446

Part III Data Center Unified Fabric 451

Chapter 10 Unified Fabric Overview 453

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 453

Foundation Topics 456

Challenges of Today’s Data Center Networks 456

Cisco Unified Fabric Principles 458

    Convergence of Network and Storage 458

    Scalability and Growth 463

    Security and Intelligence 469

Inter-Data Center Unified Fabric 474

    Fibre Channel over IP 475

    Overlay Transport Virtualization 477

    Locator ID Separation Protocol 481

Reference List 484

Exam Preparation Tasks 485

Review All Key Topics 485

Define Key Terms 485

Chapter 11 Data Center Bridging and FCoE 487

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 487

Foundation Topics 490

Data Center Bridging 490

    Priority Flow Control 490

    Enhanced Transmission Selection 491

    Data Center Bridging Exchange 492

    Quantized Congestion Notification 492

Fibre Channel Over Ethernet 494

    FCoE Logical Endpoint 495

    FCoE Port Types 495

    FCoE ENodes 496

    Fibre Channel Forwarder 497

    FCoE Encapsulation 498

    FCoE Initialization Protocol 500

    Converged Network Adapter 501

    FCoE Speed 502

FCoE Cabling Options for the Cisco Nexus 5000 Series Switches 503

    Optical Cabling 503

    Transceiver Modules 505

        SFP Transceiver Modules 505

        SFP+ Transceiver Modules 506

        QSFP Transceiver Modules 507

        Unsupported Transceiver Modules 511

Delivering FCoE Using Cisco Fabric Extender Architecture 511

    FCoE and Cisco Nexus 2000 Series Fabric Extenders 513

        FCoE and Straight-Through Fabric Extender Attachment Topology 514

        FCoE and vPC Fabric Extender Attachment Topology 518

    FCoE and Server Fabric Extenders 522

        Adapter-FEX 522

        Virtual Ethernet Interfaces 523

        FCoE and Virtual Fibre Channel Interfaces 525

        Virtual Interface Redundancy 526

    FCoE and Cascading Fabric Extender Topologies 528

        Adapter-FEX and FCoE Fabric Extenders in vPC Topology 528

        Adapter-FEX and FCoE Fabric Extenders in Straight-Through Topology with vPC 530

        Adapter-FEX and FCoE Fabric Extenders in Straight-Through Topology 531

Reference List 532

Exam Preparation Tasks 533

Review All Key Topics 533

Define Key Terms 533

Chapter 12 Multihop Unified Fabric 535

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 535

Foundation Topics 538

First Hop Access Layer Consolidation 538

Aggregation Layer FCoE Multihop 540

    FIP Snooping 540

    FCoE-NPV 542

    Full Fibre Channel Switching 544

    Dedicated Wire Versus Unified Wire 546

Cisco FabricPath FCoE Multihop 547

    Dynamic FCoE FabricPath Topology 548

    Dynamic FCoE Virtual Links 549

    Dynamic Virtual Fibre Channel Interfaces 550

    Redundancy and High Availability 551

Reference List 553

Exam Preparation Tasks 554

Review All Key Topics 554

Define Key Terms 554

Part III Review 556

Part IV Cisco Unified Computing 561

Chapter 13 Cisco Unified Computing System Architecture 563

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 564

Foundation Topics 568

Evolution of Server Computing in a Nutshell 568

    What Is a Socket? 569

    What Is a Core? 569

    What Is Hyperthreading? 570

    Understanding Server Processor Numbering 570

Value of Cisco UCS in the Data Center 571

    One Unified System 572

    Unified Fabric 573

    Unified Management and Operations 573

    Cisco UCS Stateless Computing 574

    Intelligent Automation, Cloud-Ready Infrastructure 575

Describing the Cisco UCS Product Family 576

    Cisco UCS Computer Hardware Naming 577

    Cisco UCS Fabric Interconnects 578

        What Is a Unified Port? 580

    Cisco UCS Fabric Interconnect–Expansion Modules 580

    Cisco UCS 5108 Blade Server Chassis 580

    Cisco UCS 5108 Blade Server Chassis–Power Supply and Redundancy Modes 581

    Cisco UCS I/O Modules (FEX) 582

    Cisco UCS B-series Blade Servers 583

    Cisco UCS B-series Best Practices for Populating DRAM 585

    Cisco Adapters (Mezzanine Cards) for UCS B-series Blade Servers 586

        Cisco Converged Network Adapters (CNA) 587

        Cisco Virtual Interface Cards 587

        Cisco UCS Port Expander for VIC 1240 588

        What Is Cisco Adapter FEX? 589

        What Is Cisco Virtual Machine-Fabric Extender (VM-FEX)? 589

        Cisco UCS Storage Accelerator Adapters 589

    Cisco UCS C-series Rackmount Servers 590

    Cisco UCS C-series Best Practices for Populating DRAM 592

    Cisco Adapters for UCS C-series Rackmount Servers 593

        Cisco UCS C-series RAID Adapter Options 593

        Cisco UCS C-series Virtual Interface Cards and OEM CNA Adapters 596

        What Is SR-IOV (Single Root-IO Virtualization)? 597

        Cisco UCS C-series Network Interface Card 598

        Cisco UCS C-series Host Bus Adapter 599

        What Is N_Port ID Virtualization (NPIV)? 600

        Cisco UCS Storage Accelerator Adapters 601

    Cisco UCS E-series Servers 602

    Cisco UCS “All-in-One” 603

    Cisco UCS Invicta Series–Solid State Storage Systems 603

Cisco UCS Software 604

    Cisco UCS Manager 604

    Cisco UCS Central 605

    Cisco UCS Director 605

    Cisco UCS Platform Emulator 605

    Cisco goUCS Automation Tool 605

Cisco UCS Connectivity Architecture 606

    Cisco UCS 5108 Chassis to Fabric Interconnect Physical Connectivity 606

    Cisco UCS C-series Rackmount Server Physical Connectivity 607

    Cisco UCS 6200 Fabric Interconnect to LAN, SAN Connectivity 609

        Ethernet Switching Mode 609

        Fibre Channel Switching Mode 610

    Cisco UCS I/O Module and Fabric Interconnect Connectivity 611

    Cisco UCS I/O Module Architecture 613

    Fabric and Adapter Port Channel Architecture 614

Cisco Integrated Management Controller Architecture 615

Reference List 616

Exam Preparation Tasks 617

Review All Key Topics 617

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 618

Define Key Terms 618

Chapter 14 Cisco Unified Computing System Manager 621

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 622

Foundation Topics 625

Cabling a Cisco UCS Fabric Interconnect HA Cluster 625

    Cisco UCS Fabric Interconnect HA Architecture 625

    Cisco UCS Fabric Interconnect Cluster Connectivity 626

    Initial Setup Script for Primary Fabric Interconnect 627

    Initial Setup Script for Subordinate Secondary Fabric Interconnect 628

    Verify Cisco UCS Fabric Interconnect Cluster Setup 629

    Changing Cluster Addressing via Command-Line Interface 631

        Command Modes 631

        Changing Cluster IP Addresses via Command-Line Interface 631

        Changing Static IP Addresses via Command-Line Interface 632

Cisco UCS Manager Operations 633

    Cisco UCS Manager Functions 633

    Cisco UCS Manager GUI Layout 636

    Cisco UCS Manager: Navigation Pane–Tabs 638

        Equipment Tab 638

        Servers Tab 639

        LAN Tab 640

        SAN Tab 641

        VM Tab 642

        Admin Tab 643

Device Discovery in Cisco UCS Manager 644

    Basic Port Personalities in the Cisco UCS Fabric Interconnect 644

    Verifying Device Discovery in Cisco UCS Manager 647

Reference List 650

Exam Preparation Tasks 651

Review All Key Topics 651

Define Key Terms 651

Chapter 15 Cisco Unified Computing System Pools, Policies, Templates, and Service Profiles 653

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 653

Foundation Topics 657

Cisco UCS Service Profiles 657

    Cisco UCS Hardware Abstraction and Stateless Computing 657

    Contents of a Cisco UCS Service Profile 659

    Other Benefits of Cisco UCS Service Profiles 661

        Ease of Incremental Deployments 661

        Plan and Preconfigure Cisco UCS Solutions 661

        Ease of Server Replacement 662

        Right-Sized Server Deployments 662

Cisco UCS Templates 662

    Organizational Awareness with Service Profile Templates 663

    Cisco UCS Service Profile Templates 664

    Cisco UCS vNIC Templates 665

    Cisco UCS vHBA Templates 666

Cisco UCS Logical Resource Pools 667

    UUID Identity Pools 668

    MAC Address Identity Pools 669

    WWN Address Identity Pools 670

        WWNN Pools 670

        WWPN Pools 671

Cisco UCS Physical Resource Pools 671

    Server Pools 671

    Cisco UCS Server Qualification and Pool Policies 672

    Server Auto-Configuration Policies 673

Creation of Policies for Cisco UCS Service Profiles and Service Profile Templates 674

    Commonly Used Policies Explained 674

        Equipment Tab–Global Policies 674

        BIOS Policy 675

        Boot Policy 676

        Local Disk Configuration Policy 676

        Maintenance Policy 677

        Scrub Policy 678

        Host Firmware Packages 678

        Adapter Policy 679

Cisco UCS Chassis and Blade Power Capping 680

    What Is Power Capping? 680

    Cisco UCS Power Capping Strategies 680

        Static Power Capping (Explicit Blade Power Cap) 680

        Dynamic Power Capping (Implicit Chassis Power Cap) 681

        Power Cap Groups (Explicit Group) 681

Utilizing Cisco UCS Service Profile Templates 682

    Creating Cisco UCS Service Profile Templates 682

    Modifying a Cisco UCS Service Profile Template 683

    Utilizing Cisco UCS Service Profile Templates for Different Workloads 684

    Creating Service Profiles from Templates 685

Reference List 686

Exam Preparation Tasks 687

Review All Key Topics 687

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 688

Define Key Terms 688

Chapter 16 Administration, Management, and Monitoring of Cisco Unified Computing System 691

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 691

Foundation Topics 695

Cisco UCS Administration 695

    Organization and Locales 695

    Role-Based Access Control 697

    Authentication Methods 698

        LDAP Providers 698

        LDAP Provider Groups 699

        Domain, Realm, and Default Authentication Settings 700

    Communication Management 701

    UCS Firmware, Backup, and License Management 701

        Firmware Terminology 702

        Firmware Definitions 702

        Firmware Update Guidelines 703

        Host Firmware Packages 704

        Cross-Version Firmware Support 704

        Firmware Auto Install 704

        UCS Backups 706

        Backup Automation 706

        License Management 707

Cisco UCS Management 708

    Operational Planes 708

    In-Band Versus Out-of-Band Management 709

    Remote Accessibility 710

    Direct KVM Access 710

    Advanced UCS Management 711

        Cisco UCS Manager XML API 711

        goUCS Automation Toolkit 712

        Using the Python SDK 714

    Multi-UCS Management 716

Cisco UCS Monitoring 716

    Cisco UCS System Logs 716

        Fault, Event, and Audit Logs (Syslogs) 716

        System Event Logs 719

    UCS SNMP 720

    UCS Fault Suppression 721

    Collection and Threshold Policies 722

    Call Home and Smart Call Home 725

Reference List 728

Exam Preparation Tasks 729

Review All Key Topics 729

Define Key Terms 729

Part IV Review 730

Part V Data Center Server Virtualization 735

Chapter 17 Server Virtualization Solutions 737

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 737

Foundation Topics 740

Brief History of Server Virtualization 740

Server Virtualization Components 741

    Hypervisor 741

    Virtual Machines 742

    Virtual Switching 743

    Management Tools 743

Types of Server Virtualization 744

    Full Virtualization 745

    Paravirtualization 745

    Operating System Virtualization 746

Server Virtualization Benefits and Challenges 747

    Server Virtualization Benefits 748

    Server Virtualization Challenges 749

Reference List 753

Exam Preparation Tasks 754

Review All Key Topics 754

Define Key Terms 754

Chapter 18 Cisco Nexus 1000V and Virtual Switching 757

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 758

Foundation Topics 761

Evolution of Virtual Switching 761

    Before Server Virtualization 761

    Server Virtualization with Static VMware vSwitch 763

        Virtual Network Components 764

        Virtual Access Layer 766

    Standard VMware vSwitch Overview 766

        Standard VMware vSwitch Operations 767

        Standard VMware vSwitch Configuration 769

    VMware vDS Overview 770

        VMware vDS Configuration 772

        VMware vDS Enhancements 773

        VMware vSwitch and vDS 774

Cisco Nexus 1000V Virtual Networking Solution 775

    Cisco Nexus 1000V System Overview 776

    Cisco Nexus 1000V Salient Features and Benefits 777

    Cisco Nexus 1000V Series Virtual Switch Architecture 780

        Cisco Nexus 1000V Virtual Supervisory Module 780

        Cisco Nexus 1000V Virtual Ethernet Module 781

        Cisco Nexus 1000V Component Communication 782

        Cisco Nexus 1000V Management Communication 782

        Cisco Nexus 1000V Port Profiles 783

        Types of Port Profiles in Cisco Nexus 1000V 784

    Cisco Nexus 1000V Administrator View and Roles 784

Cisco Nexus 1000V Verifying Initial Configuration 786

    Cisco Nexus 1000V VSM Installation Methods 786

    Initial VSM Configuration Verification 787

        Verifying VMware vCenter Connectivity 788

        Verify Nexus 1000V Module Status 789

    Cisco Nexus 1000V VEM Installation Methods 790

        Initial VEM Status on ESX or ESXi Host 790

        Verifying VSM Connectivity from vCenter Server 790

        Verifying VEM Agent Running 791

        Verifying VEM Uplink Interface Status 791

        Verifying VEM Parameters with VSM Configuration 792

        Validating VM Port Groups and Port Profiles 793

        Verifying Port Profile and Groups 794

    Key New Technologies Integrated with Cisco Nexus 1000V 795

        What Is the Difference Between VN-Link and VN-Tag? 795

        What Is VXLAN? 795

        What Is vPath Technology? 796

Reference List 797

Exam Preparation Tasks 798

Review All Key Topics 798

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 798

Define Key Terms 799

Part V Review 800

Part VI Data Center Network Services 805

Chapter 19 Cisco ACE and GSS 807

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 807

Foundation Topics 810

Server Load-Balancing Concepts 810

    What Is Server Load Balancing? 810

    Benefits of Server Load Balancing 811

    Methods of Server Load Balancing 812

ACE Family Products 813

    ACE Module 814

        Control Plane 816

        Data Plane 817

    ACE 4710 Appliances 818

    Global Site Selector 819

Understanding the Load-Balancing Solution Using ACE 821

    Layer 3 and Layer 4 Load Balancing 822

    Layer 7 Load Balancing 823

    TCP Server Reuse 824

    Real Server 825

    Server Farm 825

    Server Health Monitoring 826

        In-band Health Monitoring: 826

        Out-of-band Health Monitoring (Probes) 826

    Load-Balancing Algorithms (Predictor) 827

    Stickiness 828

        Sticky Groups 829

        Sticky Methods 829

        Sticky Table 829

    Traffic Policies for Server Load Balancing 830

        Class Maps 830

        Policy Map 830

    Configuration Steps 831

ACE Deployment Modes 831

    Bridge Mode 832

    Routed Mode 832

    One-Arm Mode 833

ACE Virtualization 835

    Contexts 835

    Domains 836

    Role-Based Access Control 836

    Resource Classes 836

ACE High Availability 837

Management of ACE 839

    Remote Management 839

    Simple Network Management Protocol 839

    XML Interface 839

    ACE Device Manager 839

    ANM 840

Global Load Balancing Using GSS and ACE 840

Exam Preparation Tasks 844

Review All Key Topics 844

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 844

Define Key Terms 844

Chapter 20 Cisco WAAS and Application Acceleration 847

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 847

Foundation Topics 850

Wide-Area Network Optimization 850

    Characteristics of Wide-Area Networks 851

        Latency 851

        Bandwidth 853

        Packet Loss 853

        Poor Link Utilization 854

    What Is WAAS? 854

WAAS Product Family 855

    WAVE Appliances 855

    Router-Integrated Form Factors 856

    Virtual Appliances (vWAAS) 857

    WAAS Express (WAASx) 857

    WAAS Mobile 858

    WAAS Central Manager 858

WAAS Architecture 859

WAAS Solution Overview 860

Key Features and Benefits of Cisco WAAS 862

Cisco WAAS WAN Optimization Techniques 866

    Transport Flow Optimization 866

        TCP Window Scaling 867

        TCP Initial Window Size Maximization 867

        Increased Buffering 867

        Selective Acknowledgement 867

        Binary Increase Congestion TCP 868

    Compression 868

        Data Redundancy Elimination 868

        LZ Compression 868

    Application-Specific Acceleration 869

    Virtualization 870

Exam Preparation Tasks 871

Review All Key Topics 871

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 871

Define Key Terms 871

Part VI Review 872

Part VII Final Preparation 877

Chapter 21 Final Review 879

Advice About the Exam Event 879

    Learn the Question Types Using the Cisco Certification Exam Tutorial 879

    Think About Your Time Budget Versus the Number of Questions 880

    A Suggested Time-Check Method 881

    Miscellaneous Pre-Exam Suggestions 881

    Exam-Day Advice 882

Exam Review 882

    Take Practice Exams 883

        Practicing Taking the DCICT Exam 884

        Advice on How to Answer Exam Questions 884

        Taking Other Practice Exams 885

    Find Knowledge Gaps Through Question Review 886

    Practice Hands-On CLI Skills 889

    Other Study Tasks 889

    Final Thoughts 889

Part VIII Appendices 891

Appendix A Answers to the “Do I Know This Already?” Questions 893

Glossary 913

On the CD:

Appendix B Memory Tables

Appendix C Memory Tables Answer Key

Appendix D Study Planner

9781587144226   TOC   1/29/2015



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