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Installing and Configuring Windows Server 2012 R2

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This chapter from MCSA 70-410 Cert Guide R2: Installing and Configuring Windows Server 2012 focuses on installing Windows Server 2012 R2 in its basic configurations and introduces you to basic server configuration actions that you should be familiar with before you undertake any advanced actions.
This chapter is from the book

This chapter covers the following subjects:

  • Windows Server 2012 R2 Hardware Requirements: Computers onto which you want to install Windows Server 2012 R2 must meet minimum hardware requirements. This section presents these requirements and describes several tasks you should perform before installing the server.
  • Installing Windows Server 2012 R2: This section shows you how to install Windows Server 2012 R2 as either Server Core or Server with a GUI. It also shows you how to interconvert your server between Server Core and Server with a GUI, as well as the Minimal Server Interface and Full Desktop Experience options of Server with a GUI.
  • Delegation of Server Administration: This covers best practices for delegating Server Administration and outlines some of the common tools used by delegates.
  • Configuring Offline Server Images: This section shows you how to configure and update Offline Server images.
  • Configuring Remote Server Roles: There are several methods for configuring server roles. This section shows you how to use the GUI and command line to configure roles on remote servers.
  • Configuring Windows Server 2012 R2 Services: This section provides an overview of Windows Services, how they are configured, and how you can use the GUI and command line to modify Service properties.
  • Configuring NIC Teaming: This section provides an overview of NIC Teaming and how it works with Server 2012 R2. It covers the installation and configuring of NIC Teams and how to configure the teams for different scenarios.

The Microsoft 70-410 exam assesses your ability to install, configure, and administer Windows Server 2012 R2 in business environments from small offices to large enterprises. This chapter focuses on installing Windows Server 2012 R2 in its basic configurations and introduces you to basic server configuration actions that you should be familiar with before you undertake any advanced actions.

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz

The “Do I Know This Already?” quiz enables you to assess whether you should read this entire chapter or simply jump to the “Exam Preparation Tasks” section for review. If you are in doubt, read the entire chapter. Table 2-1 outlines the major headings in this chapter and the corresponding “Do I Know This Already?” quiz questions. You can find the answers in Appendix A, “Answers to the ‘Do I Know This Already?’ Quizzes.”

Table 2-1 “Do I Know This Already?” Foundation Topics Section-to-Question Mapping

Foundations Topics Section

Questions Covered in This Section

Windows Server 2012 R2 Hardware Requirements

1–2

Installing Windows Server 2012 R2

3–4

Delegation of Server Administration

5–7

Configuring Offline Server Images

8

Configuring Remote Server Roles

9

Configuring Windows Server 2012 R2 Services

10

Configuring NIC Teaming

11

  1. You have an older computer on which you want to install an evaluation copy of Windows Server 2012 R2 so that you can prepare for your MCSE exams. The server has a 1 GHz processor, 1 GB RAM, 50 GB hard drive space, and a 1024x768 monitor. After inserting the Windows Server 2012 R2 DVD-ROM, the computer copies the initial files and then displays an error message informing you that it is unable to install Windows Server 2012 R2. Which of the following problems is preventing you from proceeding?

    1. A processor that is too slow
    2. Insufficient RAM
    3. Insufficient hard drive space
    4. An inadequate monitor
  2. You are preparing to install Windows Server 2012 R2 on your Windows 8.1 computer in a dual-boot manner. You have created a separate partition on which you plan to install Windows Server 2012 R2. Which of the following should you perform before beginning the installation? (Choose all that apply.)

    1. Disconnect uninterruptible power supply (UPS) devices
    2. Disconnect universal serial bus (USB) devices
    3. Disable antivirus software
    4. Run the Windows Memory Diagnostic tool
    5. Back up data
    6. Provide mass storage drivers if needed
  3. You need to confirm which server roles and features are present on a computer running the Server Core version of Windows Server 2012 R2. What command should you run?

    1. oclist
    2. Get-WindowsFeature
    3. ServerManagerCmd
    4. sconfig.cmd
  4. You are using a Windows Server 2012 R2 computer that is configured with the full GUI interface. However, you find working with the Start screen distracting and would like to simplify the user interface by removing this screen. You still want to have access to Server Manager in GUI mode. Which of the following commands should you run?

    1. Remove-WindowsFeature Desktop-Experience
    2. Remove-WindowsFeature Server-Gui-Shell
    3. Uninstall-WindowsFeature Desktop-Experience
    4. Uninstall-WindowsFeature Server-Gui-Shell
  5. The organization is expanding, and administrative overhead is increasing. What should you to do help manage the workload?

    1. Install Server Manager on all workstations in the organization.
    2. Add additional servers containing the AD DS role
    3. Delegate Administrative responsibilities
    4. Switch to Server Core
  6. Your company has recently hired a new helpdesk technician. You would like to provide the technician with the ability to monitor performance counters on your servers. You want to grant the technician this ability but provide him with the least amount of administrative access. How should you accomplish this?

    1. Add the technician’s user account to the server’s local administrator group
    2. Add the technician’s user account to the Performance Monitor Users group
    3. Add the technician’s user account to the Performance Log Users group
    4. Add the technician’s user account to the Remote Desktop Users group
  7. You are the system administrator for Pearson.com. You’ve been tasked with adding web services on 50 servers using a standard, company-approved IIS configuration. How can you accomplish this without altering any other applications on the servers (the solution must use the least amount of administrative effort)?

    1. Create a configuration checklist and execute it against all new web servers
    2. Configure one server, create a capture image, and deploy the image to all remaining servers
    3. Create a custom DSC configuration and deploy it against all servers in scope
    4. Reinstall Windows Server 2012 R2 and import an existing XML configuration for the web services
  8. What can be done through servicing of an offline image? (Choose all that apply.)

    1. Enable or disable Windows features
    2. Enable Remote Install Services
    3. Upgrade to a higher edition of Windows
    4. Add or remove drivers
    5. Add or remove Remote Desktop Services
    6. Scan and remove active virus threats
  9. What methods are available to add servers to Server Manager for remote management? (Choose all that apply.)

    1. Active Directory Search
    2. DNS Lookup
    3. Text file import
    4. Scan Subnet
    5. MMC
    6. RDP
  10. Which of the following are methods used to manage services on a local or remote server? (Choose all that apply.)

    1. Services Manager for Windows
    2. sc config
    3. Remote Desktop Services
    4. Services.msc
  11. You decide to reconfigure a server as a Hyper-V server. You want to use NIC Teaming with all available network cards. Which command do you use to establish the NIC Team?

    1. Reinstall the Operating System
    2. Remove-NetLbfoTeam
    3. New-NetLbfoTeam
    4. New-NICTeam
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