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NCLEX-PN Exam Cram, 5th Edition

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NCLEX-PN Exam Cram, 5th Edition

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Description

  • Copyright 2017
  • Dimensions: 7" x 9-1/8"
  • Pages: 608
  • Edition: 5th
  • Book
  • ISBN-10: 0-7897-5833-4
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-7897-5833-0

  • Covers exactly what you need to know to score higher on your NCLEX-PN® exam
  • 400 sample test questions help you gain confidence and decide when you’re ready to take the actual exam
  • Includes the popular Cram Sheet tearcard to help you remember key concepts and do extra last-minute
  • Exam Alerts identify important information found on the exam
  • Simplifies key medication aide concepts and techniques for easy learning


Covers the critical information you’ll need to know to score higher on your NCLEX-PN exam!

  • Discover how the NCLEX-PN exam works, and how best to prepare for it
  • Understand essential disease processes, treatments, and diagnostic studies
  • Care for clients with respiratory, genitourinary, hematopoietic, gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal, endocrine, cardiovascular, neurological, and many other disorders
  • Serve maternal, infant, and pediatric clients
  • Provide compassionate and effective psychiatric care
  • Consider cultural, religious, and legal concerns associated with client care
  • Review all stages of the nursing process: assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation
  • Address client needs for a safe, effective-care environment; health promotion and maintenance; and psychosocial and physiological integrity

Sample Content

Table of Contents

Introduction ................................................................................................... xxi
    Welcome to the NCLEX-PN® Exam Cram .................................................................xxi
    Taking the Computerized Adaptive Test .....................................................................xxii
    The Cost of the Exam ...................................................................................................xxii
    How to Prepare for the Exam ......................................................................................xxiii
    How to Use This Book .................................................................................................xxiii
    About the Book .............................................................................................................. xxv
    Contact the Authors ....................................................................................................... xxv
    Self-Assessment .............................................................................................................. xxv
    Companion Website ..................................................................................................... xxvi
    Accessing the Pearson Test Prep Software and Questions ........................................xxvii
Self-Assessment ............................................................................................... 1
    Testing Your Exam Readiness .......................................................................................... 2
Chapter 1 Preparing for the National Council Exam for Licensed Practical Nurses................ 3
    Preparing for the Exam .................................................................................................... 4
        The Computer Adaptive Test ................................................................................. 4
        Testing Strategies .................................................................................................... 5
        Reading the Question Carefully .............................................................................. 6
        Look for Keywords .................................................................................................. 6
        Watch for Specific Details ...................................................................................... 6
    Exam Prep Questions ....................................................................................................... 9
    Answer Rationales ........................................................................................................... 11
Chapter 2 Simplifying Pharmacology .....................................................................13
    Pharmacology .................................................................................................................. 14
        Three Areas of Pharmacology ............................................................................... 14
    How Nurses Work with Pharmacology ......................................................................... 15
        Time-Released Drugs ............................................................................................ 16
        Administering Medications ................................................................................... 17
    Understanding and Identifying the Various Drugs ....................................................... 18
        Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors ........................................................ 18
        Beta Adrenergic Blockers ...................................................................................... 19
        Anti-Infectives (Aminoglycosides) ......................................................................... 20
        Benzodiazepines (Anticonvulsants/Antianxiety) ................................................... 22
        Phenothiazines (Antipsychotic/Antiemetic) .......................................................... 24
        Glucocorticoids ...................................................................................................... 25
        Antivirals ................................................................................................................ 26
        Cholesterol-Lowering Agents ............................................................................... 28
        Angiotensin Receptor Blockers ............................................................................. 29
        Histamine 2 Antagonists ........................................................................................ 30
        Proton Pump Inhibitors ........................................................................................ 31
        Anticoagulants ........................................................................................................ 32
        More Drug Identification Helpers ........................................................................ 33
    Herbals ............................................................................................................................ 34
    Drug Schedules ............................................................................................................... 35
    Pregnancy Categories for Drugs .................................................................................... 35
    Exam Prep Questions ..................................................................................................... 36
    Answer Rationales ........................................................................................................... 38
    Suggested Reading and Resources ................................................................................. 40
Chapter 3 Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Respiratory System .........................41
    Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease ....................................................................... 42
        Chronic Bronchitis ................................................................................................ 42
        Emphysema ............................................................................................................ 42
        Asthma .................................................................................................................... 43
    Acute Respiratory Infections .......................................................................................... 44
        Pneumonia ............................................................................................................. 44
        Pleurisy ................................................................................................................... 45
        Tuberculosis ........................................................................................................... 46
        Influenza ................................................................................................................. 47
    Acute Respiratory Failure ............................................................................................... 48
        Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome .................................................................. 48
        Pulmonary Embolus .............................................................................................. 48
    Emerging Infections ....................................................................................................... 50
        Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome ..................................................................... 50
        Legionnaire’s Disease ............................................................................................ 51
    Diagnostic Tests for Review ........................................................................................... 52
    Pharmacology Categories for Review ............................................................................ 52
    Exam Prep Questions ..................................................................................................... 53
    Answer Rationales ........................................................................................................... 55
    Suggested Reading and Resources ................................................................................. 56
Chapter 4 Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Renal and Genitourinary System .........57
    Acute Glomerulonephritis .............................................................................................. 58
    Chronic Glomerulonephritis .......................................................................................... 59
    End Stage Renal Disease ................................................................................................ 60
        Peritoneal Dialysis ................................................................................................. 60
        Hemodialysis .......................................................................................................... 60
        Renal Transplantation ........................................................................................... 61
    Nephrotic Syndrome ...................................................................................................... 61
    Urinary Calculi................................................................................................................ 62
    Urinary Tract Infections................................................................................................. 63
    Genitourinary Disorders ................................................................................................. 63
        Prostatitis ............................................................................................................... 64
    Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia ......................................................................................... 64
    Bladder Cancer ................................................................................................................ 66
    Diagnostic Tests for Review ........................................................................................... 67
    Pharmacology Categories for Review ............................................................................ 67
    Exam Prep Questions ..................................................................................................... 68
    Answer Rationales ........................................................................................................... 70
    Suggested Reading and Resources ................................................................................. 71
Chapter 5 Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Hematopoietic System .....................73
    Anemia ............................................................................................................................. 74
        Pernicious Anemia ................................................................................................. 74
        Aplastic Anemia ..................................................................................................... 75
        Sickle Cell Anemia ................................................................................................. 76
        Iron Deficiency Anemia ......................................................................................... 77
        Cooley’s Anemia (Thalassemia Major) ................................................................. 77
    Hemophilia ...................................................................................................................... 77
    Polycythemia Vera .......................................................................................................... 78
    Diagnostic Tests for Review ........................................................................................... 79
    Pharmacology for Review ............................................................................................... 79
    Exam Prep Questions ..................................................................................................... 80
    Answer Rationales ........................................................................................................... 82
    Suggested Reading and Resources ................................................................................. 83
Chapter 6 Caring for the Client with Disorders of Fluid and Electrolyte Balance and Acid/Base Balance ..............................................................................85
    Basic Knowledge of Fluid and Electrolyte Balance ....................................................... 86
    Regulation of pH and Its Effect on Fluid and Electrolytes .......................................... 87
        How the Body Regulates pH ................................................................................ 87
    Metabolic Acidosis .......................................................................................................... 87
        Causes of Metabolic Acidosis ................................................................................ 87
        Symptoms of Metabolic Acidosis .......................................................................... 88
        Care of the Client with Metabolic Acidosis ......................................................... 88
    Respiratory Acidosis ........................................................................................................ 89
        Causes of Respiratory Acidosis .............................................................................. 89
        Symptoms of Respiratory Acidosis ........................................................................ 90
        Caring for the Client with Respiratory Acidosis .................................................. 90
    Metabolic Alkalosis ......................................................................................................... 91
        Causes of Metabolic Alkalosis ............................................................................... 91
        Symptoms of Metabolic Alkalosis ......................................................................... 91
        Caring for the Client with Metabolic Alkalosis .................................................... 92
    Respiratory Alkalosis ....................................................................................................... 92
        Symptoms of Respiratory Alkalosis ....................................................................... 92
        Care of the Client with Respiratory Alkalosis ...................................................... 93
    Normal Electrolyte Values ............................................................................................. 93
    Changes Associated with Aging ...................................................................................... 94
    Exam Prep Questions ..................................................................................................... 96
    Answer Rationales ........................................................................................................... 98
    Suggested Reading and Resources ................................................................................. 99
Chapter 7 Caring for the Client with Burns ............................................................ 101
    Burn Classifications ....................................................................................................... 102
        Burn Measurement with TBSA ........................................................................... 104
    Nursing Care for Burn Victims .................................................................................... 105
        The Resuscitative (Emergent) Phase .................................................................. 106
        The Acute (Intermediate) Phase ......................................................................... 110
        Dressings for Burns ............................................................................................. 111
        The Rehabilitative Phase ..................................................................................... 112
    Diagnostic Tests for Review ......................................................................................... 112
    Pharmacology Categories for Review .......................................................................... 112
    Exam Prep Questions ................................................................................................... 114
    Answer Rationales ......................................................................................................... 116
    Suggested Reading and Resources ............................................................................... 117
Chapter 8 Caring for the Client with Sensorineural Disorders...................................... 119
    Disorders of the Eyes .................................................................................................... 120
        Intraocular Disorders ........................................................................................... 120
        Retinal Disorders ................................................................................................. 123
        Refractive Errors .................................................................................................. 125
        Traumatic Injuries ............................................................................................... 126
    Visual Tests for Review ................................................................................................ 127
    Pharmacology Categories for Review .......................................................................... 127
    Ear Disorders ................................................................................................................ 127
        Otitis Externa ....................................................................................................... 128
        Otitis Media ......................................................................................................... 128
        Meniere’s Disease ................................................................................................ 128
        Otosclerosis .......................................................................................................... 129
        Presbycusis ........................................................................................................... 129
        Ear Trauma .......................................................................................................... 130
    Assisting Clients with Hearing Loss ............................................................................ 130
    Diagnostic Tests for Review ......................................................................................... 130
    Pharmacology Categories for Review .......................................................................... 131
    Exam Prep Questions ................................................................................................... 132
    Answer Rationales ......................................................................................................... 134
    Suggested Reading and Resources ............................................................................... 135
Chapter 9 Caring for the Client with Cancer ........................................................... 137
    Cancer ........................................................................................................................... 138
        American Cancer Society’s Seven Warning Signs of Cancer ............................ 138
        The Four Major Categories of Cancer ............................................................... 138
        Risk Factors for Specific Cancers ........................................................................ 139
        Cancer Prevention ............................................................................................... 140
        Patient Teaching .................................................................................................. 141
    Management of the Client with Cancer ...................................................................... 141
        Radiation .............................................................................................................. 142
        Chemotherapy ..................................................................................................... 143
    Bone Marrow Transplantation and Stem Cell Transplantation (SCT) ..................... 145
        Types of Transplants ........................................................................................... 145
        Nursing Care After Transplantation .................................................................. 146
    Hodgkin’s Lymphoma .................................................................................................. 147
        Diagnosis of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma ................................................................... 147
        Prognosis of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma ................................................................... 148
        Treatment of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma .................................................................. 148
    Diagnostic Tests for Review ......................................................................................... 148
    Pharmacology for Review ............................................................................................. 149
    Exam Prep Questions ................................................................................................... 151
    Answer Rationales ......................................................................................................... 153
    Suggested Reading and Resources ............................................................................... 154
Chapter 10 Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Gastrointestinal System ................ 155
    Ulcers ............................................................................................................................. 156
        Types of Ulcers .................................................................................................... 156
        Treatment of Ulcers ............................................................................................ 157
    Inflammatory Bowel Disorders .................................................................................... 159
        Crohn’s Disease (Regional Enteritis) .................................................................. 159
        Ulcerative Colitis ................................................................................................. 160
    Diverticulitis .................................................................................................................. 161
        Diagnosis of Diverticulitis ................................................................................... 161
        Treatment of Diverticulitis ................................................................................. 161
    Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) .................................................................. 162
    Diseases Associated with the Liver ............................................................................... 163
        Hepatitis ............................................................................................................... 163
        Cirrhosis ............................................................................................................... 168
        Pancreatitis ........................................................................................................... 170
    Cholecystitis/Cholelithiasis .......................................................................................... 172
        Symptoms of Cholecystitis and Cholelithiasis .................................................... 172
        Diagnosis of Cholecystitis/Cholethiasis .............................................................. 173
        Treatment of Cholecystitis .................................................................................. 173
        Treatment of Cholethiasis ................................................................................... 173
    Clostridium Difficile ..................................................................................................... 174
    Food-Borne Illnesses .................................................................................................... 175
    Diagnostic Tests for Review ......................................................................................... 176
    Pharmacology for Review ............................................................................................. 176
    Exam Prep Questions ................................................................................................... 178
    Answer Rationales ......................................................................................................... 180
    Suggested Reading and Resources ............................................................................... 181
Chapter 11 Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Musculoskeletal System................ 183
    Fractures ........................................................................................................................ 184
        Treating Fractures ............................................................................................... 184
        Compartment Syndrome ..................................................................................... 187
        Osteomyelitis ....................................................................................................... 188
    Osteoporosis .................................................................................................................. 189
        Treatment of Osteoporosis ................................................................................. 190
    Gout ............................................................................................................................... 190
        Treatment of the Client with Gout .................................................................... 191
    Rheumatoid Arthritis .................................................................................................... 191
        Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis .................................................................... 192
    Musculoskeletal Surgical Procedures ........................................................................... 193
        Fractured Hip and Hip Replacement ................................................................. 193
        Total Knee Replacement ..................................................................................... 194
        Amputations ......................................................................................................... 195
    Assistive Devices for Ambulation ................................................................................. 196
        Crutches ............................................................................................................... 197
        Canes .................................................................................................................... 197
        Walkers ................................................................................................................ 198
    Diagnostic Tests for Review ......................................................................................... 198
    Pharmacology for Review ............................................................................................. 199
    Exam Prep Questions ................................................................................................... 201
    Answer Rationales ......................................................................................................... 203
    Suggested Reading and Resources ............................................................................... 204
Chapter 12 Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Endocrine System ....................... 205
    The Endocrine System ................................................................................................. 206
    Pituitary Disorders ........................................................................................................ 206
        Tumors of the Pituitary ....................................................................................... 207
    Thyroid Disorders ........................................................................................................ 209
        Hypothyroidism ................................................................................................... 209
        Hyperthyroidism .................................................................................................. 210
    Parathyroid Disorders ................................................................................................... 212
        Hypoparathyroidism ............................................................................................ 212
        Hyperparathyroidism ........................................................................................... 213
    Adrenal Gland Disorders .............................................................................................. 214
        Adrenocortical Insufficiency (Addison’s Disease) ............................................... 214
        Adrenocortical Hypersecretion (Cushing’s Syndrome) or Cushing’s Disease .............................................................................................. 215
    Diabetes Mellitus .......................................................................................................... 215
    Diagnostic Tests for Review ......................................................................................... 219
    Pharmacology Categories for Review .......................................................................... 219
    Exam Prep Questions ................................................................................................... 220
    Answer Rationales ......................................................................................................... 222
    Suggested Reading and Resources ............................................................................... 223
Chapter 13 Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Cardiovascular System ................. 225
    Hypertension ................................................................................................................. 226
        Medications Used to Treat Hypertension .......................................................... 227
    Heart Block ................................................................................................................... 227
        Toxicity to Medications ....................................................................................... 229
        Malfunction of the Conduction System .............................................................. 229
    Myocardial Infarction ................................................................................................... 230
        Diagnosis of Myocardial Infarction .................................................................... 231
        Management of Myocardial Infarction Clients .................................................. 232
    Inflammatory Diseases of the Heart ............................................................................ 235
        Infective Endocarditis .......................................................................................... 235
        Pericarditis ........................................................................................................... 235
    Buerger’s Disease .......................................................................................................... 236
    Thrombophlebitis ......................................................................................................... 236
    Raynaud’s Syndrome ..................................................................................................... 237
    Aneurysms ..................................................................................................................... 237
    Congestive Heart Failure.............................................................................................. 238
        Diagnostic Tests for Review ............................................................................... 238
    Pharmacology Categories for Review .......................................................................... 239
    Exam Prep Questions ................................................................................................... 240
    Answer Rationales ......................................................................................................... 242
    Suggested Reading and Resources ............................................................................... 243
Chapter 14 Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Neurological System .................... 245
    Seizures .......................................................................................................................... 246
        Types of Seizures ................................................................................................. 246
        Treatment of Seizure Clients .............................................................................. 248
    Status Epilepticus .......................................................................................................... 249
    Brain Injuries ................................................................................................................. 249
        Epidural Hematomas ........................................................................................... 250
        Subdural Hematoma ............................................................................................ 250
        Treatment of Epidural and Subdural Hematomas ............................................. 250
    Increased Intracranial Pressure..................................................................................... 251
        Treatment of ICP ................................................................................................ 253
    Neurological Assessment .............................................................................................. 253
        Cranial Nerve Assessment ................................................................................... 254
        Glasgow Coma Scale ........................................................................................... 255
        Intracranial Pressure Monitors ............................................................................ 256
    Care of the Client with Intracranial Surgery (Craniotomy) ....................................... 256
    Cerebrovascular Accident/Stroke ................................................................................. 257
    Spinal Cord Injury ........................................................................................................ 258
        Treatment of Spinal Cord Injuries ..................................................................... 259
        Potential Complications with SCI Clients ......................................................... 260
    Guillain-Barré ............................................................................................................... 261
        Treating Clients with Guillian-Barré ................................................................. 261
    Degenerative Neurological Disorders .......................................................................... 261
    Diagnostic Tests for Review ......................................................................................... 263
    Pharmacology for Review ............................................................................................. 263
    Exam Prep Questions ................................................................................................... 265
    Answer Rationales ......................................................................................................... 267
    Suggested Reading and Resources ............................................................................... 268
Chapter 15 Caring for the Client with Psychiatric Disorders ........................................ 269
    Anxiety Disorders .......................................................................................................... 270
        Generalized Anxiety Disorder ............................................................................. 271
        Panic Disorder ..................................................................................................... 271
        Specific Phobia ..................................................................................................... 271
        Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder ......................................................................... 272
    Trauma-Related Disorders ........................................................................................... 272
        Posttraumatic Stress Disorder ............................................................................. 273
    Dissociative Disorders .................................................................................................. 273
        Dissociative Identity Disorder ............................................................................. 274
        Somatic Disorder ................................................................................................. 274
    Personality Disorders .................................................................................................... 274
        Paranoid Personality Disorder ............................................................................ 275
        Schizoid Personality Disorder ............................................................................. 275
        Schizotypal Personality Disorder ........................................................................ 275
        Histrionic Personality Disorder .......................................................................... 276
        Narcissistic Personality Disorder ........................................................................ 276
        Antisocial Personality Disorder ........................................................................... 276
        Borderline Personality Disorder ......................................................................... 277
        Avoidant Personality Disorder ............................................................................ 277
        Dependent Personality Disorder ........................................................................ 277
        Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder ...................................................... 277
        Managing Clients with Personality Disorders .................................................... 278
    Psychotic Disorders ...................................................................................................... 278
        Schizophrenia ....................................................................................................... 278
        Bipolar Disorders ................................................................................................. 281
    Substance Abuse ............................................................................................................ 283
        Alcoholism ............................................................................................................ 283
        Other Commonly Abused Substances ................................................................ 286
    Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence .................................................................... 288
        Disruptive, Control, and Conduct Disorders ..................................................... 288
        Neurodevelopmental Disorders .......................................................................... 289
        Eating Disorders .................................................................................................. 290
    Diagnostic Tests for Review ......................................................................................... 291
    Pharmacology Categories for Review .......................................................................... 291
    Exam Prep Questions ................................................................................................... 292
    Answer Rationales ......................................................................................................... 294
    Suggested Reading and Resources ............................................................................... 295
Chapter 16 Caring for the Maternal/Infant Client ..................................................... 297
    Signs of Pregnancy ........................................................................................................ 298
        Presumptive Signs ................................................................................................ 298
        Probable Signs ..................................................................................................... 298
        Positive Signs ....................................................................................................... 299
    Prenatal Care ................................................................................................................. 299
        Prenatal Diet and Weight Maintenance ............................................................. 299
        Alpha-Fetoprotein Screening .............................................................................. 299
        Other Prenatal Diagnostic Tests ........................................................................ 300
        Assessing Fetal Heart Tones ............................................................................... 301
        Ultrasonography .................................................................................................. 301
    Signs of Complications of Pregnancy .......................................................................... 301
    Types of Abortions ....................................................................................................... 302
    Complications Affecting Pregnancy ............................................................................. 303
        Diabetes in Pregnancy ......................................................................................... 303
        Preeclampsia ........................................................................................................ 304
        Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation ............................................................ 305
        Cord Prolapse ...................................................................................................... 305
        Abruptio Placenta ................................................................................................ 305
        Placenta Previa ..................................................................................................... 305
    Maternal Infections ....................................................................................................... 306
    Preterm Labor ............................................................................................................... 308
    Intrapartal Care ............................................................................................................. 309
        Stages of Labor .................................................................................................... 309
        Phases of Labor .................................................................................................... 310
        Important Terms You Should Know .................................................................. 310
    Prelabor Testing ........................................................................................................... 311
    Fetal Monitoring ........................................................................................................... 312
    Pharmacologic Management of Labor ......................................................................... 314
    Postpartum Care ........................................................................................................... 315
    Terms Associated with the Normal Newborn ............................................................. 315
    Rh Incompatibility ........................................................................................................ 316
    Contraception ............................................................................................................... 317
    Diagnostic Tests for Review ......................................................................................... 318
    Pharmacology Categories for Review .......................................................................... 319
    Exam Prep Questions ................................................................................................... 320
    Answer Rationales ......................................................................................................... 322
    Suggested Reading and Resources ............................................................................... 323
Chapter 17 Caring for the Pediatric Client ............................................................. 325
    Growth and Development ............................................................................................ 326
        Infant (28 Days to 1 Year) ................................................................................... 326
        Toddler (1—3 Years) ............................................................................................. 328
        NCLEX-PN Exam Cram, Fifth Edition
        Preschooler (3—5 Years) ....................................................................................... 329
        School Age (6—12 Years) ...................................................................................... 330
    Adolescence (12—18 Years) .................................................................................. 331
        Congenital Anomalies ................................................................................................... 331
        Anomalies of the Gastrointestinal System .......................................................... 332
        Anomalies of the Musculoskeltal System ............................................................ 336
        Anomalies of the Cardiovascular System ............................................................ 338
    Inborn Errors of Metabolism .............................................................................. 341
        Respiratory Disorders ................................................................................................... 342
        Acute Otitis Media ............................................................................................... 343
        Tonsillitis ............................................................................................................. 344
        Laryngotracheobronchitis ................................................................................... 345
        Acute Epiglottitis ................................................................................................. 345
        Bronchiolitis ......................................................................................................... 346
    Cystic Fibrosis (Mucoviscidosis) ......................................................................... 347
        Gastrointestinal Disorders ............................................................................................ 347
        Gastroenteritis ..................................................................................................... 348
        Pyloric Stenosis .................................................................................................... 348
        Intussusception ..................................................................................................... 348
    Celiac Disease (Gluten-Induced Enteropathy, Celiac Sprue) ............................ 349
        Cardiovascular Disorders .............................................................................................. 349
        Rheumatic Fever .................................................................................................. 349
    Kawasaki Disease (Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome) .......................... 350
        Musculoskeletal Disorders ............................................................................................ 352
        Scoliosis ................................................................................................................ 352
        Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease (Coxa Plana) ......................................................... 353
    Muscular Dystrophies .......................................................................................... 353
        Childhood Cancer ......................................................................................................... 354
        Wilms Tumor (Nephroblastoma) ....................................................................... 354
        Leukemia .............................................................................................................. 354
    Osteogenic Sarcoma (Osteosarcoma) .................................................................. 354
        Ingestion of Hazardous Substances .............................................................................. 355
        Salicylate Overdose .............................................................................................. 355
        Acetaminophen Overdose.................................................................................... 355
        Lead Poisoning (Plumbism) ................................................................................ 355
        Iron Poisoning ..................................................................................................... 356
    Diagnostic Tests for Review ......................................................................................... 356
    Pharmacology Categories for Review .......................................................................... 357
    Exam Prep Questions ................................................................................................... 358
    Answer Rationales ......................................................................................................... 360
    Suggested Reading and Resources ............................................................................... 361
Practice Exam 1 ............................................................................................. 363
Answers to Practice Exam 1 .............................................................................. 407
Practice Exam 2 ............................................................................................. 429
Answers to Practice Exam 2 .............................................................................. 471
Appendix A Things You Forgot ........................................................................... 493
Appendix B Need to Know More?........................................................................ 501
Appendix C Calculations .................................................................................. 509
Glossary ...................................................................................................... 513

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