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This chapter is from the book

This chapter is from the book

Exam Prep Answers

  1. Answer D is correct. A pronoun takes the place of a noun. The word we is taking the place of "my cousins and I," making the correct answer a pronoun. Therefore, answers A, B, and C are incorrect.

  2. Answer C is correct. Adverbs are used to modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. They are usually identified by an ly extension. Because the word quietly modifies the verb, it is an adverb. Therefore, answers A, B, and D are incorrect.

  3. Answer B is correct. The verb is the action or event occurring in a sentence. The words was calculated describe the action being performed. Therefore, answers A, C, and D are incorrect.

  4. Answer C is correct. The word dropped indicates the action that is taking place. Therefore, answers A, B, and D are incorrect.

  5. Answer A is correct. The word decided indicates the action that is being performed by the subject of the sentence. Therefore, answers B, C, and D are incorrect.

  6. Answer B is correct. The word threw indicates the action that was performed by the subject of the sentence. Therefore, answers A, C, and D are incorrect.

  7. Answer C is correct. The words had gone describe the action or event that was performed. Therefore, answers A, B, and D are incorrect.

  8. Answer D is correct. A comma is not required in the sentence. The sentence is correct as it appears. Therefore, answers A and B are incorrect. Answer C is incorrect because the dependent clause precedes the independent clause. If the sentence were written as "Unless there were enough parent volunteers, the grade one class was not going on the field trip," a comma would be necessary because the dependent clause would precede the independent clause.

  9. Answer C is correct. In the preceding sentence, a comma is required before the second set of quotation marks. A comma is not required between the words man and in or blue and jacket. Therefore, answers A and B are incorrect. Answer D is incorrect because a comma is required before the quotation marks.

  10. Answer B is correct. A comma is required if a sentence includes a list of three or more items. A comma is not required after the word in. Therefore, answer C is incorrect. Answer A is incorrect because a comma must be placed between the dependent and independent clauses.

  11. Answer B is correct. A comma is required between the city and the state. Answer C is incorrect because a comma is not required between the month and the actual number date. Answer A is incorrect because this comma is required to separate the unessential adjective clause.

  12. Answer D is correct. The preceding sentence does not require any commas. Therefore, answers A and B are incorrect. Answer C is incorrect because a comma is only required if there is a list of three or more items.

  13. Answer B is correct. A semicolon is used to join two independent clauses. A colon is used to introduce a list. The word items should be followed by a colon. Therefore, answers A, C, D, and E are incorrect.

  14. Answer B is correct. If a sentence contains an unessential adjective clause, a comma is required before and after the clause. A comma is required before and after the adjective clause who is a chiropractor. Therefore, answers A, C, D, and E are incorrect.

  15. Answer E is correct. As the sentence is written, it does not contain any errors.

  16. Answer E is correct. As the sentence is written, it does not contain any errors.

  17. Answer A is correct. The first word of the sentence is intended to mean you are. Therefore, the correct word should be you’re.

  18. Answer C is correct. Quotation marks are required at the beginning and end of any direct quotes. Therefore, open quotation marks are required before the word are.

  19. Answer B is correct. The verb tense within a sentence must remain consistent. Because the sentence begins using a verb in the past tense, the verb go must be in the past tense as well. The sentence should read I went instead of I go.

  20. Answer A is correct. The first word of the sentence is intended to mean we are. Therefore, it should read we’re instead of were.

  21. Answer D is correct. The phrase should read then going to. The word than is used for comparison.

  22. Answer E is correct. The phrase should read effect on me;. A semicolon is required because the sentence contains two independent clauses.

  23. Answer D is correct. The verb tense within a sentence must remain the same. The verb can’t should read couldn’t in order to remain in the past tense.

  24. Answer B is correct. If a sentence contains a list of three or more nouns, commas are required to separate them. Therefore, a comma must also be placed after the word hotdogs.

  25. Answer C is correct. The pronoun must agree with the subject it is referring to. Therefore, the word themself should be changed to himself because the subject is a singular male.

  26. Answer D is correct. Because the adjective clause is referring to specific people, the word who should replace the word which. The word which should only be used when referring to objects.

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