Transparent Bridge Port States
Each port of a transparent bridge exists in the following states:
DisabledThe port is inactive and does not participate in STP.
BlockingWhen a port is enabled, it first moves to a blocked state before listening to the network. In this state, it does not participate in frame forwarding. It receives Bridge PDUs and sends them for processing.
ListeningWhen the bridge determines that the port should participate in frame forwarding, it changes to the listening state. In this state, the bridge still does not forward frames and does not learn of network MAC addresses. The bridge does receive and process BPDUs and network management frames.
LearningThe bridge port still discards incoming frames or frames switched over for forwarding. The bridge begins to incorporate MAC addresses associated with this port. BPDU and network management messages are still processed.
ForwardingThis is the full functional state for a bridged port. In this state, the bridge does not discard incoming frames and forwards them to other ports; the bridge also forwards frames out the port. BPDUs and network management frames are still processed.