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This chapter is from the book

Apply Your Knowledge

You have seen the conditions under which older Windows operating systems can be upgraded to Windows Vista. Here you upgrade a computer running Windows Vista Business to Vista Ultimate without first having entered a product key for Vista Business. To perform this exercise you should have a computer on which you have installed Vista Business using methods outlined in Chapter 2 but without entering a Vista Business product key.

Exercises

3.1 Upgrading Vista Business to Vista Ultimate

As mentioned in Chapter 2, you can install Vista without a product key if you want to evaluate the features of a given edition of Vista. You can then upgrade to another supported edition by entering the product key of the upgraded edition. This procedure is also useful in learning situations and when preparing for Microsoft exams.

Estimated Time: 45–90 minutes, depending on the speed of your hardware.

  1. Insert the Vista DVD-ROM.
  2. If the Install Windows screen does not appear, open Computer, navigate to the DVD-ROM drive, and double-click Setup.exe.
  3. On the Install Windows screen, select Install Now.
  4. If you are connected to the Internet, select Go Online to Get the Latest Updates for Installation. Otherwise, select Do Not Get the Latest Updates for Installation.
  5. Type the product key for Vista Ultimate and then click Next.
  6. Accept the license terms and then click Next.
  7. On the Which Type of Installation Do You Want? page, select Upgrade.
  8. Setup checks compatibility and displays a report outlining any applications or drivers that are not supported. Make a note of the items displayed and then click Next.
  9. The Windows upgrade proceeds without interaction from the user, and the computer reboots. After the final reboot, the Set Up Windows screen appears. Modify the selections if required and then click Next.
  10. On the Help Protect Windows Automatically page, select Use Recommended Settings.
  11. On the Review Your Time and Date Settings page, ensure that the settings are correct, modify them if necessary, and then click Finish.

Exam Questions

  1. You are responsible for upgrading the operating system on a large number of computers running various versions of Windows in your office, and you decide to upgrade all the computers to Windows Vista Business. Which of the following operating systems can you upgrade to Windows Vista Business? (Choose all that apply.)

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    A.

    Windows 98

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    B.

    Windows NT 4.0

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    C.

    Windows 2000 Professional

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    D.

    Windows XP Professional

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    E.

    Windows XP Home Edition

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    F.

    Windows Vista Home Basic

  2. Ellen uses a computer running Windows XP Professional and wants to upgrade this computer to Windows Vista Business without reinstalling any of her applications. She inserts the Vista DVD-ROM and runs Setup.exe. However, she receives a message that informs her Setup has been disabled.

    What should Ellen do first to troubleshoot this problem?

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    A.

    Perform a clean installation of Windows Vista Business.

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    B.

    Check her hardware for compatibility with Vista.

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    C.

    Upgrade her computer to Vista Ultimate instead.

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    D.

    Disable her Windows XP antivirus program, and then rerun Setup.exe.

  3. Peter wants to upgrade his computer from Windows XP Professional to Windows Vista Business. He is concerned that his computer's hardware might be somewhat outdated and will not support the upgrade. Which of the following can he do to determine whether the computer will support Windows Vista Business?

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    A.

    Run the setup /checkupgradeonly command from the Vista DVD-ROM.

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    B.

    Run the winnt32 /checkupgradeonly command from the Vista DVD-ROM.

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    C.

    Download and run the Windows Vista Upgrade Advisor.

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    D.

    Simply install Windows Vista and hope that everything is compatible.

  4. Kristin is a developer who needs to work with more than one operating system to assess how her applications behave in different conditions. Her computer has a 100GB hard disk containing three partitions formatted with the FAT32 file system. Windows XP Professional is installed on the first partition. She wants to install Windows Vista Ultimate in a dual-boot configuration.

    What should she do?

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    A.

    While running Windows XP, insert the Vista DVD-ROM and follow the prompts provided. When she receives the option to select the type of installation, select Custom (advanced). Then select the second partition to install Vista and format this partition with the NTFS file system.

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    B.

    While running Windows XP, insert the Vista DVD-ROM and follow the prompts provided. When she receives the option to select the type of installation, select Upgrade. Then select the second partition to install Vista and format this partition with the NTFS file system.

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    C.

    Do not reformat any partition. While running Windows XP, insert the Vista DVD-ROM and follow the prompts provided. When she receives the option to select the type of installation, select Custom (advanced). Then select the second partition to install Vista.

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    D.

    Do not reformat any partition. While running Windows XP, insert the Vista DVD-ROM and follow the prompts provided. When she receives the option to select the type of installation, select Upgrade. Then select the second partition to install Vista.

  5. You are using a computer running Windows XP Home Edition that has an old network interface card (NIC) and sound card that might not be compatible with Vista. You want to upgrade your computer to Windows Vista Home Premium. What should you do first?

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    A.

    Purchase and install a new NIC and sound card.

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    B.

    Run the Easy Transfer Wizard.

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    C.

    Access the websites of the NIC and sound card manufacturers and download new drivers for these components.

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    D.

    Run the Windows Vista Upgrade Advisor.

  6. Tom is upgrading a computer from Windows XP Professional to Windows Vista Ultimate. The computer is a 2.8GHz Pentium IV and has 768MB of RAM and an 80GB hard disk. After the first restart, Tom is informed that the computer is infected with a master boot record virus. What should he do before continuing with the installation?

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    A.

    Reboot the computer to Windows XP Professional and scan for and remove all viruses.

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    B.

    Remove or disable any antivirus software installed in Windows XP.

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    C.

    Run the Check Compatibility Online option and follow any recommendations provided.

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    D.

    Run fixmbr.exe from the Windows Vista DVD-ROM.

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    E.

    Upgrade the computer to 1GB of RAM.

  7. You are installing Windows Vista Business on a computer running Windows XP Professional. The hard disk has three partitions: C, D, and E. Windows XP Professional is installed on partition C. When Setup gives you a choice of partition on which to install Windows Vista Business, you choose partition D. What happens?

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    A.

    You create a dual-boot system.

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    B.

    You upgrade Windows XP Professional to Windows Vista Business.

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    C.

    The Windows Vista Business installation fails.

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    D.

    You wipe out Windows XP Professional.

Answers to Exam Questions

  1. D and E. You can upgrade Windows XP Home Edition or Windows XP Professional to Windows Vista Business. Microsoft does not support upgrades of older operating systems or of Windows Vista Home Basic or Home Premium to Vista Business, so answers A, B, C, and F are all incorrect. For more information, see the sections, "Upgrading to Windows Vista from a Previous Version of Windows," and, "Upgrading from One Edition of Windows Vista to Another."

  2. B. Ellen should check her hardware for compatibility. The Windows Vista Upgrade Advisor utility will do this for her and will produce a report of any hardware or software issues that may interfere with her ability to upgrade to Vista. If she performs a clean installation of Windows Vista Business, she will not retain her applications or settings, so answer A is incorrect. She should not upgrade her computer to Windows Vista Ultimate because this upgrade will also fail; moreover, upgrading to Vista Business is a supported upgrade option. Therefore answer C is incorrect. While she should disable her antivirus software before upgrading to Vista, she will not receive this error if she hasn't done so; therefore, answer D is incorrect. For more information, see the section, "Vista Upgrade Advisor."

  3. C. Peter should run the Windows Vista Upgrade Advisor. He can download this application by selecting the Check Compatibility Online option from the Install Windows screen that appears when he inserts the Vista DVD-ROM. The winnt32 /checkupgradeonly command was used with Windows XP to produce a compatibility report for upgrading older versions of Windows to this operating system. However, it is not used with Vista, so answer A is incorrect. The setup command used for installing Vista does not include the /checkupgradeonly switch, so answer B is incorrect. Because Peter can download and run the Vista Upgrade Advisor to produce a comprehensive report of potential issues, he should not simply install Windows Vista and hope that everything is compatible. Therefore answer D is incorrect. For more information, see the section, "Preparing a Computer to Meet Upgrade Requirements."

  4. A. Kristin should select the Custom (advanced) installation option to install Vista on the second partition and format this partition with the NTFS file system. If she selects the Upgrade option, she upgrades her installation of Windows XP to Windows Vista, so answers B and D are incorrect. If she does not format the partition with the NTFS file system, the installation will fail, so answer C is incorrect. For more information, see the section "Dual-Booting Windows Vista."

  5. D. The Windows Vista Upgrade Advisor analyzes the hardware and software components of the computer for compatibility issues. You should run this utility before attempting to upgrade your computer to Vista. You should not purchase new hardware or download new drivers before you have run the Upgrade Advisor because it is always possible that these components are compatible with Vista. Therefore answers A and C are incorrect. The Easy Transfer Wizard is used to transfer files and settings from an older computer to a new Windows Vista computer. It does not check hardware compatibility, so answer B is incorrect. For more information, see the section, "Vista Upgrade Advisor."

  6. B. Antivirus (AV) software is known to cause problems during installation of or upgrading of Windows operating systems. On the first reboot, these programs may falsely report that the installation files contain a virus and halt the installation. You should uninstall the AV software and disable any AV checking in the computer's BIOS before installing or upgrading to Vista. You can always re-enable or reinstall antivirus software after you have completed the upgrade. The computer is not actually infected with a virus, so Tom does not need to reboot to Windows XP or scan for viruses, so answer A is incorrect. The Check Compatibility Online option is used to check a computer for software or hardware incompatibility before upgrading to Windows Vista. These problems do not cause the false reporting of a virus, so answer C is incorrect. Fixmbr.exe is used to recover corrupted master boot records on existing Windows installations. You cannot use it in this scenario when the Windows installation is incomplete, so answer D is incorrect. Tom does not need to upgrade the RAM to 1GB, so answer E is incorrect. For more information, see the section, "Additional Preparatory Tasks."

  7. A. On a computer that is running Windows XP Professional, you can either upgrade the current Windows installation by installing Windows Vista on the same partition holding the current Windows operating files or create a dual-boot system by installing Windows Vista on a different partition. You do not upgrade Windows XP in this scenario because you installed to a different partition, so answer B is incorrect. This type of installation does not wipe another instance of Windows out, nor does it fail for this particular reason, so answers C and D are incorrect. For more information, see the section, "Upgrading to Windows Vista from a Previous Version of Windows."

Suggested Readings and Resources

The following are some recommended readings on the subject of upgrading to Windows Vista:

  1. Books
    • McLean, Ian and Orin Thomas. MCTS Self-Paced Training Kit (Exam 70-620): Configuring Windows Vista Client. Redmond, WA: Microsoft Press. 2007.
  2. Course
  3. Websites
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